The Great Depression and the New Deal
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  • Question 1
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    Q.

    What economic practice became popular in the 1920s and eventually contributed to the crash of the stock market?

    answer choices

    Paying only cash for stock purchases

    Selling stocks in very rapid succession

    Buying stocks with only a down payment

    Sharing insider information on stock trades

  • Question 2
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    Q.

    The Events listed are most closely associated with which decade?


    ~ Major drought coditions in Texas, Oklahoma, and Kansas

    ~ Large numbers of bank failures

    ~ Widespread unemployment

    ~ Expanded role of the federal government

    answer choices

    1910-1919

    1920-1929

    1930-1939

    1940-1949

  • Question 3
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    Q.

    What kind of changes to American society were the defining issues of both the Great Depression and the New Deal?

    answer choices

    Artistic issues

    Economic issues

    Geographic issues

    Chronological issues

  • Question 4
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    Q.

    Which of the following actions taken by President Franklin D. Roosevelt in response to the Great Depression is a defining characteristic of the era?

    answer choices

    Limited movement of farm workers

    Reduced number of federal employees

    Relaxed restrictions on immigrant workers

    Increased number of new government relief programs

  • Question 5
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    Q.

    Which of the following correctly pairs the event with its corresponding date?

    answer choices

    Beginning of American Dust Bowl - 1920

    End of the First Worl War in Europe - 1928

    Crash of the market in the United States - 1931

    Beginning of the Great Depression in the United States - 1929

  • Question 6
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    Q.

    Which event signaled the beginning of the Great Depression?

    answer choices

    Purchase of Alaska

    Election of Franklin D. Roosevelt

    Crash of the New York Stock Exchange

    Charles Lindbergh's nonstop flight over the Atlantic

  • Question 7
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    Q.

    Which of the following might have reduced the effects of the Dust Bowl?

    answer choices

    Eliminating cattle farrms

    Using chemical fertilizers

    Raising agricultural prices

    Improving water management

  • Question 8
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    Q.

    Which government agency, established during the Great Depression, still protects consumer savings today?

    answer choices

    Social Security Agency

    National Resources Committee

    Federal Emergency Relief Agency

    Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation

  • Question 9
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    Q.

    Which set of factors contributed most to the pattern shown on the maps?

    answer choices

    Poor irrigation and use of crop rotation

    Multiple El Nino events and dam building

    Years of drought and poor farming techniques

    Farm worker labor shortage and chemical fertilizers

  • Question 10
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    Q.

    How does tha Social Security Act of 1935 continue to affect the lives of citizens today?

    answer choices

    Protects bank investments

    Funds school improvement

    Provides retirement income

    Grants agricultural subsidies

  • Question 11
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    Q.

    How did the Great Depression impact employment?

    answer choices

    The number of people employed stayed consistent.

    The number of people employed increased sharply.

    The percentage of people unemployed increased sharply.

    The percentage of people in the military decreased steadily.

  • Question 12
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    Q.

    Which American novel provides a vivid depiction of the difficulties individuals faced during the Great Depression?

    answer choices

    Upton Sinclair's The Jungle

    John Steinbeck's The Grapes of Wrath

    F. Scott Fitzgerald's The Great Gatsby

    Ernest Hemingway's A Farewell to Arms

  • Question 13
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    Q.

    Which controversial political issue of the 1930s is reflected in the cartoon?

    answer choices

    Congressional attempts to bypass the principle of separation of powers

    President Franklin D. Roosevelt's attempt to reorganize the Supreme Court

    President Franklin D. Roosevelt's refusal to cooperate with state government

    Congressional attempts to undermine the principle of state sovereignty

  • Question 14
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    Q.

    Franklin D. Roosevelt was most likely referring to which of the following?


    The country needs and ...demands bold, persistent experimentation. It is common sense to take a method and try it. If it fails, admit it frankly and try another. But above all, try something.

    ~ Franklin D. Roosevelt, commencement speech to Oglethorpe University, 1932

    answer choices

    Support for the Selective Service Act

    Passage of the Immigration Reform Act

    Support for emergency economic actions

    Declaration of war on Japan and Germany

  • Question 15
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    Q.

    Which constitutional issue concerned opponents of President Franklin D. Roosevelt's "court packing" efforts?

    answer choices

    It would resstrict individual right.

    It would not allow people to elect judges.

    It would weaken the separation of powers.

    It would shift power from the states to the federal government.

  • Question 16
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    Q.

    Which conclusion is best supported by evidence in the table?

    answer choices

    New Deal programs were highly effective in preventing bank closings.

    The second half ofthe 1930s saw lower total resources lost each year.

    The 1920s had more bank closings and more total resources lost than the 19302

    As time prograessed through the 1930s, fewer Texas banks were closed each year.

  • Question 17
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    Q.

    Which challenge of the Roosevelt administratioin is illustrated by the cartoon?

    answer choices

    The desire of voters to choose Supreme Court justices in open elections

    The unwillingness of Supreme Court justices to retire after extended service

    The resistance of Congresional representatives to bote on New Deal legislation

    The repeated Supreme Court rulings declaring New Deal programs unconstitutional

  • Question 18
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    Q.

    How did high U.S. tariffs on imports likely contribute to the Great Depression?

    answer choices

    Other nations raised tariffs that cut U.S. exports.

    The United States experienced a rapid rise in inflation.

    Other nations boycotted U.S. goods because of high prices.

    The United States experienced a moderate rise in employment.

  • Question 19
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    Q.

    One social impact of the federal responses to the Great Depression?

    answer choices

    fewer opportunities for women to enter the U.S. labor force

    forced deportation of many U.S. citizens of Mexican descent

    incresed wealth for U.S. food producers like farmers and ranchers

    expanded factory and manufacturing openings for African Americans

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