Unit 4 - Constitution
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  • Question 1
    45 seconds
    Q.

    Which of the following should replace the question mark in this diagram? 8.4(D)

    answer choices

    Direct democracy

    Great Compromise

    Checks and balances

    Missouri Compromise

  • Question 2
    45 seconds
    Q.

    Which problem did George Washington encounter when he became president? 8.5(A)

    answer choices

    Southern states were threatening to secede from the Union.

    The United States had large debts from the American Revolution.

    Great Britain was refusing to trade with the United States.

    The Articles of Confederation needed to be replaced with a stronger constitution.

  • Question 3
    45 seconds
    Q.

    When citizens report for jury duty, they are helping uphold a constitutional right guaranteed by the — 8.19(C)

    answer choices

    First Amendment

    Second Amendment

    Sixth Amendment

    Ninth Amendment

  • Question 4
    45 seconds
    Q.

    Patrick Henry opposed ratifying the U.S. Constitution because he believed that under it — 8.4(E)

    answer choices

    the states would surrender too much power to the federal government

    alliances could not be formed with other countries

    the courts would not be able to hold government officials accountable

    individuals would exercise too much power over the federal government

  • Question 5
    45 seconds
    Q.

    Which principle of U.S. government is most clearly reflected in the amendment above? 8.15(D)

    answer choices

    Checks and balances

    Federalism

    Separation of powers

    Due process

  • Question 6
    30 seconds
    Q.

    This event best demonstrates which feature of the American way of life? 8.25(C)

    answer choices

    The First Amendment guarantees personal freedoms.

    The Declaration of Independence asserts the principle of popular sovereignty.

    The U.S. Constitution establishes the structure of the federal government.

    The Fifth Amendment protects the rights of the accused.

  • Question 7
    30 seconds
    Q.

    In 1787 the United States was at a crossroads. Farmers in western Massachusetts had rebelled the year before over property taxes. The state struggled to end the rebellion. Events such as this one contributed to the decision to — 8.1(C)

    answer choices

    sign the Treaty of Paris

    repeal the Intolerable Acts

    declare an embargo on imported goods

    restructure the federal government

  • Question 8
    45 seconds
    Q.

    George Mason refused to sign the Constitution and opposed its ratification because he believed that it — 8.17(A)

    answer choices

    did not adequately protect individuals from potential government abuse

    did not give the executive branch enough power to oversee the military

    prevented the legislative branch from effectively governing the states

    prevented the judicial branch from using judicial review to overturn acts of the legislature

  • Question 9
    30 seconds
    Q.

    Why did the Anti-Federalists demand that a bill of rights be added to the U.S. Constitution? 8.4(E)

    answer choices

    To strengthen the authority of the federal government

    To improve the organization of the judiciary

    To give each state an equal amount of power

    To protect individual freedoms from the federal government

  • Question 10
    45 seconds
    Q.

    With which of the following arguments would the authors of The Federalist Papers most likely have agreed? 8.15(A)

    answer choices

    A bill of rights should be included in the Constitution before it is ratified.

    Having a stronger central government will make the country more stable and prosperous.

    The Three-Fifths Compromise will result in fair and equal representation.

    Universal suffrage should be constitutionally guaranteed.

  • Question 11
    45 seconds
    Q.

    Which provision of the U.S. Constitution reflects this grievance? 8.15(C)

    answer choices

    The president can appoint justices with the advice and consent of the Senate.

    Congress has the power to establish federal courts.

    The commerce clause allows Congress to regulate trade among the states.

    Congress can override a presidential veto with a two-thirds majority vote in both houses.

  • Question 12
    45 seconds
    Q.

    The Northwest Ordinance is considered a historical milestone because it — 8.6(A)

    answer choices

    more than doubled the size of the United States

    established a method for admitting new states to the Union

    encouraged state legislatures to ratify the Constitution

    proposed treaties with American Indians to allow the peaceful settlement of new territories

  • Question 13
    45 seconds
    Q.

    Which headline provides the best example of a First Amendment guarantee in action? 8.25(C)

    answer choices

    “Religious University Forced to Close by State”

    “Mormons Hold State Convention Downtown”

    “Congress Declares a National Day of Remembrance”

    “Protesters Arrested at Antiwar Rally”

  • Question 14
    45 seconds
    Q.

    The Constitution describes two ways to propose an amendment. Which of the following gives an example of one way? 8.16(A)

    answer choices

    The president officially requests that Congress propose the amendment.

    Three-fourths of state governors sign a petition in favor of proposing the amendment.

    A majority of citizens vote in favor of proposing the amendment.

    Two-thirds of both congressional houses vote in favor of proposing the amendment.

  • Question 15
    45 seconds
    Q.

    The Articles of Confederation allowed each state only one vote in Congress. Which question reflects a major concern states had about this arrangement? 8.15(B)

    answer choices

    Should states attempt to resolve conflicting claims to territory?

    Should states change their procedure for selecting representatives?

    Should unanimous state approval for national laws be required?

    Should more populous states receive greater representation?

  • Question 16
    45 seconds
    Q.

    Those in favor of ratifying the Constitution would most likely respond to this concern by pointing out that — 8.17(A)

    answer choices

    elected representatives are accountable to individual voters

    courts have the right to resolve disputes between states

    each branch of government can serve as a check on the other branches

    power is divided between the federal government and state governments

  • Question 17
    45 seconds
    Q.

    Which U.S. document guarantees protection against these injustices?n 8.15(A)

    answer choices

    The Constitution

    The Declaration of Independence

    The Articles of Confederation

    The Mayflower Compact

  • Question 18
    45 seconds
    Q.

    Which document was most influenced by this statute? 8.25(A)

    answer choices

    The Declaration of Independence

    The Articles of Confederation

    The Fundamental Orders of Connecticut

    The Bill of Rights

  • Question 19
    45 seconds
    Q.

    Which of the following correctly describes the Three-Fifths Compromise? 8.4(D)

    answer choices

    A portion of the slave population was counted for legislative representation.

    A federal law enforcing the return of fugitive slaves was passed.

    The census bureau was established to help apportion representation.

    The election of senators was delegated to state legislatures.

  • Question 20
    45 seconds
    Q.

    This excerpt provides one example of which constitutional principle? 8.15(D)

    answer choices

    Federalism

    Checks and balances

    Popular sovereignty

    Individual rights

  • Question 21
    45 seconds
    Q.

    In the debate over the ratification of the U.S. Constitution, which point would have been made by a Federalist? 8.4(E)

    answer choices

    “The existing national government lacks the ability to add new states to the union.”

    “The states are in danger of losing the ability to raise revenue.”

    “The existing national government lacks the power to perform essential functions.”

    “The states are unable to protect the rights of the people.”

  • Question 22
    45 seconds
    Q.

    Patrick Henry was criticizing which aspect of the Constitution in this excerpt? 8.17(A)

    answer choices

    The eligibility requirements for congressional office

    The power granted to the central government

    The establishment of a separate judicial branch

    The difficulty of the amendment process

  • Question 23
    120 seconds
    Q.

    During the Constitutional Convention of 1787, George Mason argued — 8.17(A)

    answer choices

    against increased power for the national government

    for the dissolution of state governments

    against the passage of a bill of rights

    for the creation of a strong executive branch

  • Question 24
    120 seconds
    Q.

    The Northwest Ordinance established guidelines for the orderly expansion of the United States by instituting a — 8.6(A)

    answer choices

    method to purchase territory from foreign powers

    procedure for military takeovers of existing countries

    process through which states could be added to the Union

    compromise line that prohibited slavery in the West

  • Question 25
    120 seconds
    Q.

    Which document was the focus of this presentation? 8.15(B)

    answer choices

    The Mayflower Compact

    The Articles of Confederation

    The Virginia Declaration of Rights

    The Declaration of Independence

  • Question 26
    120 seconds
    Q.

    Which excerpt from the U.S. Constitution best illustrates the principle of popular sovereignty? 8.15(D)

    answer choices

    “Each House shall be the Judge of the Elections, Returns and Qualifications of its own


    Members. . . .”

    “The House of Representatives shall be composed of Members chosen every second Year

    by the People of the several States. . . .”

    “The Senate shall chuse their other Officers, and also a President pro tempore. . . .”

    “The Times, Places and Manner of holding Elections for Senators and Representatives,

    shall be prescribed in each State by the Legislature thereof.”

  • Question 27
    120 seconds
    Q.

    Which political idea was influenced by this provision of the Magna Carta? 8.15(A)

    answer choices

    Federalism

    Due process

    A bicameral legislature

    The social contract

  • Question 28
    120 seconds
    Q.

    Which speaker is in favor of ratifying the Constitution? 8.4(E)

    answer choices

    Speaker 1

    Speaker 2

    Speaker 3

    Speaker 4

  • Question 29
    60 seconds
    Q.

    Which argument would a Federalist make to support ratification of the Constitution? 8.17(A)

    answer choices

    The Constitution will enable states to nullify laws that are harmful to citizens.

    A strong federal government will be more stable than a loose confederation of states.

    The Constitution will allow states to establish banks to stabilize the national economy.

    A republican system of government will better represent large states.

  • Question 30
    60 seconds
    Q.

    What assurance did this argument give to those who opposed ratifying the Constitution? 8.4(E)

    answer choices

    The amendment process would allow state governments to nullify federal law.

    Making the federal government superior to state governments would ensure greater stability.

    The rights of citizens would be better protected by having both federal and state levels of government.

    Giving greater power to the federal government would allow it to assist states in times of crisis.

  • Question 31
    60 seconds
    Q.

    How did the provisions of the Northwest Ordinance affect U.S. expansion? 8.6(A)

    answer choices

    By funding a transportation network in uninhabited regions

    By establishing a process for territories to govern themselves

    By promoting the growth of southern plantation economies

    By creating a national bank to loan money to land investors

  • Question 32
    60 seconds
    Q.

    Why were southern delegates to the Constitutional Convention willing to accept the Three-Fifths Compromise? 8.4(D)

    answer choices

    It increased the political influence of the South.

    It allowed indentured servants in the South to become citizens.

    It decreased the federal tax on property in the South.

    It allowed the South to expand its industrial output.

  • Question 33
    60 seconds
    Q.

    Why was it difficult for Congress to fulfill its duties under the Articles of Confederation? 8.15(B)

    answer choices

    Any congressional action required executive approval.

    Congress lacked the power to declare war.

    Most congressional decisions required the approval of at least nine states.

    Congress lacked the power to regulate foreign trade.

  • Question 34
    60 seconds
    Q.

    What does this list suggest about the drafters of the Articles of Confederation? 8.4(C)

    answer choices

    They did not want a judicial system based upon that of Great Britain.

    They feared that a strong central government would abuse its power.

    They were uncertain that democracy would continue to be the best type of government.

    They did not think that state governments could provide for the general welfare.

  • Question 35
    60 seconds
    Q.

    Which document completes this excerpt? 8.6(A)

    answer choices

    Declaration of Independence

    Treaty of Ghent

    Northwest Ordinance

    Louisiana Purchase Treaty

  • Question 36
    60 seconds
    Q.

    Which numbered pair correctly replaces (1) and (2) in this table? 8.16(A)

    answer choices

    (1) three-fourths

    (2) eligible voters

    (1) two-thirds

    (2) Electoral College

    (1) three-fourths

    (2) Supreme Court

    (1) two-thirds

    (2) state legislatures

  • Question 37
    60 seconds
    Q.

    Which constitutional principle is Jefferson referring to in this excerpt? 8.18(A)

    answer choices

    Full faith and credit

    Popular sovereignty

    Federalism

    Judicial review

  • Question 38
    60 seconds
    Q.

    Those who agreed with this point of view were known as — 8.17(A)

    answer choices

    Minutemen

    Loyalists

    Federalists

    Patriots

  • Question 39
    60 seconds
    Q.

    Why was this congressional structure created by the framers of the Constitution? 8.21(C)

    answer choices

    To follow the plan outlined in the Articles of Confederation

    To reach a compromise between large and small states

    To reach a compromise between slave states and non-slave states

    To implement the outcome of a popular vote

  • Question 40
    60 seconds
    Q.

    Which law would be considered unconstitutional on the basis of First Amendment guarantees? 8.25(C)

    answer choices

    A ban on the publication of classified information by government employees

    A requirement that church employees pay income tax

    A requirement that churches get a permit before building a new chapel

    A prohibition on electing religious leaders to government office

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