SW Asia Geography & Environmental Issues
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  • Question 1
    60 seconds
    Q.

    Which of these nations has NOT had their water security threatened by supply interruptions from the Tigris-Euphrates Basin?

    answer choices

    Iraq

    Israel

    Syria

    Turkey

  • Question 2
    60 seconds
    Q.

    Which of these Southwest Asian nations has the MOST secure and reliable access to water?

    answer choices

    Iraq

    Kuwait

    Israel

    Turkey

  • Question 3
    60 seconds
    Q.

    Why is water pollution of great concern in Southwest Asia?

    answer choices

    because clean drinking water is scarce in the region

    because the economy is dependent upon exporting water

    because it prevents ships from traveling along major waterways

    because it reduces the amount of electricity generated by hydropower

  • Question 4
    60 seconds
    Q.

    Both the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers flow into which body of water?

    answer choices

    the Caspian Sea

    the Mediterranean Sea

    the Pacific Ocean

    the Persian Gulf

  • Question 5
    60 seconds
    Q.

    In what country does the Euphrates River join the Tigris River?

    answer choices

    Iraq

    Jordan

    Saudi Arabia

    Syria

  • Question 6
    30 seconds
    Q.

    The Gaza Strip is located along the banks of which body of water?

    answer choices

    the Arabian Sea

    the Mediterranean Sea

    the Persian Gulf

    the Red Sea

  • Question 7
    60 seconds
    Q.

    Historical civilizations relied on which rivers in region III?

    answer choices

    the Tigris and the Euphrates

    the Amazon and the Niger

    the Ganges and the Yangtze

    the Nile and the Congo

  • Question 8
    60 seconds
    Q.

    The Jordan River forms part of the border of which of the following countries?

    answer choices

    Afghanistan

    Iran

    Israel

    Turkey

  • Question 9
    60 seconds
    Q.

    The Suez Canal connects which two bodies of water?

    answer choices

    the Mediterranean Sea and the Black Sea

    the Mediterranean Sea and the Red Sea

    the Persian Gulf and the Arabian Sea

    the Persian Gulf and the Caspian Sea

  • Question 10
    60 seconds
    Q.

    The Strait of Hormuz connects which two bodies of water?

    answer choices

    the Mediterranean Sea and the Black Sea

    the Persian Gulf and the Arabian Sea

    the Mediterranean Sea and the Red Sea

    the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Aden

  • Question 11
    60 seconds
    Q.

    The building of dams has greatly changed the distribution of water, and caused conflict, between which two Southeast Asian nations?

    answer choices

    Iraq and Iran

    Saudi Arabia and Iran

    Iraq and Turkey

    Saudi Arabia and Turkey

  • Question 12
    180 seconds
    Q.

    In the 1980s, the Turkish government began the Southeastern Anatolia Project and built numerous dams on the Euphrates River. What trade-off is BEST associated with this project?

    answer choices

    While it improved the standard of living in Turkey, it significantly reduced the amount of freshwater available in Syria.

    While it improved the standard of living in Turkey, it caused high levels of pollution and made the water unsafe to drink.

    While it reduced the amount of freshwater available in Turkey, it led to the creation of millions of jobs for the Turkish people.

    While it caused high levels of pollution and made the water unsafe to drink, it created a cheap source of electricity for the region.

  • Question 13
    120 seconds
    Q.

    Why does Turkey have an advantage over other countries in Southwest Asia with regard to the distribution of water?

    answer choices

    because the Black Sea, the largest source of freshwater in the region, is located off of Turkey's northern coast

    because the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers, two of the primary sources of freshwater in the region, originate in Turkey

    because Turkey's population is less dependent on commercial agriculture dependent on commercial agriculture

    because Turkey's economy is less dependent on industries that create large amounts of water pollution

  • Question 14
    180 seconds
    Q.

    Read the passage. Then answer the question that follows.


    Akram is a farmer in southern Syria,near the large city of Aleppo. For many years, he irrigated his farm with water from a nearby river and grew many crops. Then, his crops did poorly but grew well if he used fertilizers. That was around the time Aleppo's population increased rapidly in size.Now, Akram cannot get anything to grow even though he keeps his fields well watered.


    What MOST LIKELY caused the failure of Akram's farm?

    answer choices

    The fertilizer for the crops became too expensive.

    Akram's crops were not suited to growing in the desert.

    The river Akram irrigates his crops with is now polluted.

    The city of Aleppo has used up all of the water resources.

  • Question 15
    60 seconds
    Q.

    Why did the construction of the Atatürk Dam on the Euphrates River in Turkey cause conflict in Southwest Asia?

    answer choices

    The dam has caused flooding in other countries.

    The dam has caused the river to completely run dry.

    The dam has limited the supply of water in other countries.

    The dam has caused shipping and trade on the river to stop.

  • Question 16
    60 seconds
    Q.

    Look at the map. Then answer the question.


    Based on the location of the Atatürk Dam, it restricts the flow of water in which river in Iraq?

    answer choices

    the Danube River

    the Euphrates River

    the Jordan River

    the Tigris River

  • Question 17
    120 seconds
    Q.

    "The Jordan River basin is shared by five different nations: Lebanon, Syria, Jordan, Palestine, and Israel. It has been estimated that Israel is consuming up to four times the amount used by the other nations."


    What would be the MOST LIKELY topic of discussion among the leaders of these nations?

    answer choices

    Reaching an agreement that guarantees fair access to the limited water supply.

    The construction of pipelines to divert water into other areas of the region.

    Developing guidelines to prevent pollution and contamination of the water.

    Creation of desalinization plants to produce more fresh water.

  • Question 18
    60 seconds
    Q.

    According to this chart, which country would be MOST likely to export water?

    answer choices

    Jordan

    Lebanon

    Syria

    Turkey

  • Question 19
    60 seconds
    Q.

    According to this chart, which country would be MOST likely to face a water crisis?

    answer choices

    Jordan

    Lebanon

    Syria

    Turkey

  • Question 20
    60 seconds
    Q.

    One way that wealthier more urbanized countries like Saudi Arabia have dealt with the lack of freshwater is through

    answer choices

    deforestation

    desalination

    desertification

    detoxification

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