Earth and the Universe
a year ago
beverlyharper
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20 QuestionsShow answers
  • Question 1
    30 seconds
    Q.

    Which of these conditions is most responsible for Earth having an environment that supports life?

    answer choices

    A. Oceans regulating climate on land.

    B. The percentage of nitrogen in the atmosphere.

    C. Water that exists in all three physical states of matter.

    D. Erupting volcanoes moderating atmospheric temperatures.

  • Question 2
    30 seconds
    Q.

    Scientists know that Earth is constantly changing. They are familiar with the processes that are repeated in a monthly cycle. Which of these is a natural event that can be predicted to occur monthly?

    answer choices

    A. Earth revolves around the Sun.

    B. Moon revolves around the Earth.

    C. Earth rotates on its axis.

  • Question 3
    30 seconds
    Q.

    Which best explains why the moon has phases?

    answer choices

    A. How much of the sunlit side of the moon faces Earth.

    B. The sun's position changes in relation to the moon and Earth.

    C. The Earth casts a shadow on the moon as it rotates.

    D. The moon rotates along its axis.

  • Question 4
    30 seconds
    Q.

    Where do Earth's oceans bulge in response to the Moon's gravitational attraction to produce tides?

    answer choices

    A. The side facing the moon..

    B. The sides at right angles to the moon.

    C. The side opposite the moon.

    D. The sides facing and opposite the moon.

  • Question 5
    30 seconds
    Q.

    Which drawing best shows the orbit of the Moon?

    answer choices
  • Question 6
    30 seconds
    Q.

    What season is the Northern Hemisphere experiencing when the Southern Hemisphere is tilted directly toward the Sun?

    answer choices

    fall

    winter

    spring

    summer

  • Question 7
    30 seconds
    Q.

    Which of the following space technologies can astronauts live on for long periods of time?

    answer choices

    The Mars Curiosity

    Chandra X-ray Observatory

    International Space Station

    A Space Shuttle

  • Question 8
    30 seconds
    Q.

    In the Northern Hemisphere, June 21st has more hours of sunlight than any other day. However, June 21st has the fewest hours of sunlight in the Southern Hemisphere. Which best explains why the Northern Hemisphere receives more daylight than the Southern Hemisphere on the same day?

    answer choices

    Earth rotates on its axis

    Earth is tilted on its axis

    The Sun moves closer to the Northern Hemisphere

    The Sun releases more energy to the Northern Hemisphere

  • Question 9
    30 seconds
    Q.

    Which represents information that is gained as a result of space exploration?

    answer choices

    Weather and climate patterns that occur on Earth

    Existence of the sun and the moon in the solar system

    How to use coal and natural gas as energy resources

    Location of plates found upon Earth's surface.

  • Question 10
    30 seconds
    Q.

    Earth's rotation takes about

    answer choices

    365 days

    6 months

    24 hours

    1 month

  • Question 11
    30 seconds
    Q.

    If you wanted to be able to look at the stars, the planets, and the moon more closely, what should you use?

    answer choices

    Telescope

    Periscope

    Microscope

    Magnifying glass

  • Question 12
    30 seconds
    Q.

    Which event takes about one year to complete?

    answer choices

    Earth making a complete rotation

    The Moon making a complete rotation

    Earth revolving completely around the Sun

    The Moon revolving completely around Earth

  • Question 13
    30 seconds
    Q.

    Earth, along with the other planets, revolves around the Sun. The planets revolve in a counterclockwise direction. The cause of the revolution is mostly due to which forces?

    answer choices

    mass and inertia

    orbital speed and mass

    gravity and inertia

    gravity and orbital speed

  • Question 14
    30 seconds
    Q.

    Which factor is the most influential in Earth's ability to support life?

    answer choices

    The Earth is exposed to rays from the sun

    The Earth has only one moon that orbits around it

    The Earth rotates in an elliptical orbit around the sun

    The Earth has a breathable atmosphere

  • Question 15
    30 seconds
    Q.

    Why are there high and low tides on Earth?

    answer choices

    They are due to changes in the moon's tilt on its axis

    They are due to the gravitational pull between Earth and the moon

    They are due to the magnetic force between Earth and the moon

    They are due to changes in the moon's speed every month

  • Question 16
    30 seconds
    Q.

    How does gravity support life on Earth?

    answer choices

    By forcing Earth to continuously spin on its axis, which contributes to day and night

    By causing changes in the distance between Earth and the sun, which contributes to the seasons

    By keeping water and gases in the atmosphere close to Earth's surface, which contributes to life processes

    By preventing meteors and comets from hitting Earth's surface, which protects living organisms from space fragments

  • Question 17
    30 seconds
    Q.

    There are four seasons in a year. Which reason is most responsible for the changing seasons on Earth?

    answer choices

    The way Earth tilts on its axis

    The way Earth rotates on its axis

    Changes in the distance between Earth and the Sun

    Changes in the amount of energy the Sun produces

  • Question 18
    30 seconds
    Q.

    The Earth's moon is___.

    answer choices

    always much closer to the Sun than it is to the Earth

    always much closer to the Earth than it is to the Sun

    about the same distance from the Sun as it is from the Earth

    sometimes closer to the Sun than it is to the Earth, and sometimes closer to the Earth than it is to the Sun

  • Question 19
    30 seconds
    Q.

    The diagram shows the Moon in various positions around Earth. At which position would the Moon appear to be full to people in the United States?

    answer choices

    1

    2

    3

    4

  • Question 20
    30 seconds
    Q.

    The alignment of the Sun, Earth, and Moon can produce shadows on the Earth or Moon resulting in an eclipse. Which diagram shows a Solar Eclipse?

    answer choices
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