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Which technique would most likely be used by forensic scientists?
Which is one reason scientists produce transgenic organisms?
to create new species of organisms
to control microorganisms in the soil
to prevent habitats from being destroyed
to treat certain types of diseases
Two people believe they are related. Which would be the best technique to determine if they are related?
testing blood types
testing for genetic disorders
Which is a step in the process of producing transgenic bacteria?
A plasmid is used to replace a faulty gene in a human cell.
A chain of bacterial amino acids is inserted into human DNA.
A human gene is inserted into a bacterial plasmid.
A mutation is produced in a bacterial cell.
The process of removing DNA from cells is called
Which process is used to make many copies of a DNA sample?
Restriction enzyme producing DNA fragments
What is the function of gel electrophoresis?
to separate DNA fragments according to size and charge
to cut DNA
to recombine DNA
to extract DNA
a prokaryote is changed into a eukaryote.
a cell takes in DNA from outside the cell.
plasmids are inserted into a human cell.
a cell is mutated.
A small circular molecule of DNA found in bacteria cells is called a
DNA produced by combining DNA from two different organisms is known as
Organisms that contain genes from other organisms are called
Which of the following is an example of uses for bacterial transformation technique?
to produce pure human insulin for use by people with diabetes
to identify a suspect based on evidence from a crime scene
to determine the nucleotide sequence of desired gene
to identify a genetic disorder in preparation for potential treatment
The Human Genome Project is an attempt to
make a DNA fingerprint of every person's DNA.
identify, sequence and catalog all human DNA.
create human-like creatures.
identify alleles in human DNA that are recessive.
The purpose gene therapy in treating disorders , such as cystic fibrosis and SCIDS, is to
replace faulty genes with normal ones
determine the sequence of genes
remove mutations from genes
change dominant alleles to recessive alleles
Which of the following is a concern about the use of genetically modified organisms (GMOs) as food?
they may taste better than normal food
they may cause death if eaten
they can cause allergies, toxins, new diseases and nutritional problems
they are perfectly healthy
What is the function of a restriction enzyme?
to keep DNA from replicating
to cut DNA into smaller fragments
to restrict enzymes from working
to speed up the reaction of DNA polymerase
The restriction enzyme, ECORI, cuts DNA between which two nitrogenous bases?
between guanine (G) and cytosine (C)
between adenine (A) and thymine (T)
between guanine (G) and adenine (A)
between thymine (T) and cytosine (C)
What are DNA fingerprints used for?
to identify the patterns in a person's fingerprint
to show evolutionary relationships
to sequence the DNA bases
crime scene investigations and to determine paternity/maternity
Which DNA technology would best help endangered species?
What type of cells contain plasmids?