Westward Expansion/Industrialization/Reform
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  • Question 1
    30 seconds
    Q.  What statement below best answers the flow chart? 
    answer choices
    Workers moved into cities where factories are located. 
    Factory owners bought large amounts of rural land. 
    Factories were built away from transportation hubs. 
    Labor unions were weakened due to a decline in farming.
  • Question 2
    30 seconds
    Q.  Which of the following was not a factor in bringing about rapid industrialization? 
    answer choices
    Improvement in roads, canals, and railroad networks 
    Advances in technology and machinery 
    Decline in the need for food grown on farms 
    Increasing population and demand for produced goods 
  • Question 3
    30 seconds
    Q. Newspaper ads, like the one below, were becoming common in the 1860s.
    Which of the following is true about railroad shipping in the 1860s? 
    answer choices
    Railroad companies were suffering financially from rapid industrialization.
    Railroad shipping made it easier to transport manufactured products from factories to rural areas. 
    Railroads were not an efficient form of transporting goods in 1860. 
    Shipments through canals and rivers could reach more people in the western states than railroads. 
  • Question 4
    30 seconds
    Q. Which of the following is a key innovation in produced goods during the 1850s and 1860s, as shown in the example below? 
    answer choices
    Gasoline-powered engines 
    Individualized and unique production 
     Electrical motors 
    Interchangeable parts 
  • Question 5
    30 seconds
    Q.  A form transportation that revolutionized shipment of goods and travel from New Orleans to Kansas City in the 1850s was: 
    answer choices
    Railroad 
    Steamboat 
    Paved roads 
    Cotton gin 
  • Question 6
    30 seconds
    Q. Based on the map below, which of the following is a true statement about transportation in 1825? 
    answer choices
    Railroads were vital for transporting goods from New York to Chicago. 
    The Erie Canal opened up trade opportunities from the East Coast to the Midwest 
    Traditional mail routes were the only option of sending a package from Buffalo to Cleveland. 
    Telegraphs were important to sending daily news from western states to the East Coast. 
  • Question 7
    30 seconds
    Q. What technological advancement of the mid-1800s allowed for news to travel from Boston to Kansas City within the same day?
    answer choices
    Transcontinental Railroad 
    Steamboat  
    Telegraph 
    Radio 
  • Question 8
    30 seconds
    Q.  The “Second Great Awakening” was a catalyst for all of the following major social reforms of the 1800s except: 
    answer choices
    Ending slavery 
    Banning alcoholic drinks 
    Reforming prisons 
    Extending voting rights to women 
  • Question 9
    30 seconds
    Q.  What social reform effort is Horace Mann advocating for in his quote below?
     “Every addition to true knowledge is an addition to human power.” – Horace Mann, 1855 
    answer choices
    Slavery cannot be avoided as a means to building a wealthy, civilized society. 
    Basic education for all is essential to the success of the United States in the industrial revolution.
    The availability of alcoholic beverages ruins the quality of the workforce. 
    Prison reform and the decent treatment of the mentality ill is a moral imperative. 
  • Question 10
    30 seconds
    Q.  The following document is from the Seneca Falls Convention of 1848. 
    What social reform and reference are the authors making? 
    answer choices
    Temperance movement related to the Constitution
    Women’s rights related to the Declaration of Independence 
    Prison reform related to the Bill of Rights 
    Abolitionism related to the Mayflower Compact 
  • Question 11
    30 seconds
    Q. Increased the capacity and speed for river travel 
    answer choices
    Steamboat 
    Telegraph 
  • Question 12
    30 seconds
    Q. Movement of people from rural areas to cities 
    answer choices
    Urbanization 
    Industrialization
  • Question 13
    30 seconds
    Q.  Invention by Eli Whitney that increased the profitability of plantations 
    answer choices
    Interchangeable Parts 
    Cotton Gin 
  • Question 14
    30 seconds
    Q. Ability to create goods in large quantities at affordable prices
    answer choices
    Interchangeable Parts 
    Mass Production 
  • Question 15
    30 seconds
    Q.  Restriction of alcoholic beverages
    answer choices
    Temperance  
    Prison Reform 
  • Question 16
    30 seconds
    Q. Religious revival that sparked many social reform efforts in the 1800s 
    answer choices
    Abolitionism 
    Second Great Awakening
  • Question 17
    30 seconds
    Q. Reformer for the availability of education for all children 
    answer choices
    Horace Mann 
    Elizabeth Stanton 
  • Question 18
    30 seconds
    Q. Reform effort that sought to end the practice of slavery
    answer choices
    Abolitionism 
    Prison Reform 
  • Question 19
    30 seconds
    Q.  A leader of the women’s rights movement and organizer of the Seneca Fall Convention 
    answer choices
    Dorothea Dix 
     Elizabeth Stanton 
  • Question 20
    30 seconds
    Q.  The rapid changing in the creation of goods brought about by technological advances that allowed for mass production 
    answer choices
    Abolitionism 
    Industrialization 
  • Question 21
    30 seconds
    Q. The uniformity of products allowed for common components to be swapped
    answer choices
    Interchangeable Parts 
    Telegraph 
  • Question 22
    30 seconds
    Q. The sending of electrical impulses, usually in code language, along a wire
    answer choices
    Telegraph 
    Temperance 
  • Question 23
    30 seconds
    Q. 1848 convention seeking the advancement of women’s rights 
    answer choices
    Seneca Falls Convention
    Second Great Awakening 
  • Question 24
    30 seconds
    Q. Connection of the east and west coasts of the United States for transportation of people and goods 
    answer choices
    Transcontinental Railroad 
    Abolitionism 
  • Question 25
    30 seconds
    Q. Leader who campaigned for caring for the mentally ill and prison reform 
    answer choices
    Dorothea Dix
    Horace Mann 
  • Question 26
    30 seconds
    Q. Campaign for human treatment of criminals and transition back into society
    answer choices
    Abolitionism
    Prison Reform
  • Question 27
    120 seconds
    Q. These environmental modifications were made in order to construct? 
    answer choices
    permanent housing for immigrants in urban areas.
    canals that linked the Midwest to the Northeast.
    a transcontinental railroad.
     harbor on the Mississippi River.
  • Question 28
    120 seconds
    Q. This list below describes the nineteenth-century experiences of immigrants from?
    answer choices
    Italy
    China
    Germany
    Japan 
  • Question 29
    120 seconds
    Q. During the early 1800s many young women in New England were employed outside their homes as?
    answer choices
    crew members on cargo ships.
    cloth weavers in textile mills.
    H staff reporters for local newspapers.
    legal counselors in state courts.
  • Question 30
    120 seconds
    Q. How did Samuel Morse’s best-known innovation contribute to U.S. growth and development?
    answer choices
    It enabled instantaneous long-distance transmission of information. 
    It allowed manufactured goods to be produced at lower costs.
    It boosted the speed of cross-country mail delivery.
    It increased national unity by reducing sectional differences.
  • Question 31
    120 seconds
    Q. What was one major effect of the opening of the Erie Canal?
    answer choices
    The cost of shipping goods on eastern roads increased.
    The number of ships passing through northern ports decreased.
    The cost of shipping goods from the Midwest decreased.
    The volume of trade passing through southern ports increased.
  • Question 32
    120 seconds
    Q. The growth of railroads during the nineteenth century affected U.S. businesses by? 
    answer choices
    discouraging Congress from instituting tariffs.
    increasing the cost of raw materials.
    decreasing the wages of unskilled workers.
    opening new markets for goods.
  • Question 33
    120 seconds
    Q. These innovations below in agriculture and industry resulted in?
    answer choices
    higher consumer costs.
    decreased profits for investors.
    less consumer choice.
    more efficient production of goods.
  • Question 34
    120 seconds
    Q. Which of these best completes the diagram below?
    answer choices
    The demand for slaves increases in the South.
    More textile factories are established in the South.
    The number of European immigrants arriving at southern port cities increases.
    More tobacco and food crops are cultivated on southern plantations.
  • Question 35
    120 seconds
    Q. How did the plantation system influence the economic development of the United States?
    answer choices
    It prevented the development of industry in the Northeast.
    It turned the South into a major producer of the cotton used in northern mills.
    It restricted agricultural expansion in the western territories.
    It increased federal dependency on tariffs for revenue.
  • Question 36
    120 seconds
    Q. Which factor accounts for this trend below?  
    answer choices
    The Second Great Awakening motivated people to join reform movements.
    Manifest Destiny inspired many people to become homesteaders.  
    Jacksonian Democracy allowed more people to vote in elections.  
    The Industrial Revolution encouraged people to pursue jobs in cities. 
  • Question 37
    120 seconds
    Q. Which factor best completes this diagram below?
    answer choices
    New transportation systems.
    Increased government regulation.
    A decline in agricultural production.
    The growth of labor unions.
  • Question 38
    120 seconds
    Q. How did the development of the factory system encourage urbanization?
    answer choices
    Manufacturers produced goods to export overseas.
    Labor unions were formed to protect mill workers.
    Workers moved closer to manufacturing centers.
    Industrialists invested in cotton plantations.
  • Question 39
    120 seconds
    Q. Which type of economy is best described by these characteristics below?
    answer choices
    Subsistence farming.
    Free enterprise.
    Mercantilism.
    Socialism.
  • Question 40
    120 seconds
    Q. Between 1846 and 1855 the population of Ireland decreased by a third, including the approximately 1.5 million Irish immigrants who left for the United States. What was the primary reason for this migration?
    answer choices
    Massive unemployment resulting from British occupation. 
    Political unrest during an economic recession.
    Famine caused by a major crop failure.  
    Civil war between Catholics and Protestants.  
  • Question 41
    120 seconds
    Q. Which pull factor accounted for much of Chinese immigration to the United States in the mid-1800s?
    answer choices
    An opportunity for free land in the Midwest.
    The prospect of religious freedom.
    An economic boom in the West.
    The possibility of a free education.
  • Question 42
    120 seconds
    Q. How did this invention below contribute to the expansion of the plantation system?
    answer choices
    By reducing the number of slaves needed for growing cotton.
    By increasing the time needed to cultivate cotton.
    By increasing the profitability of slavery.
    By reducing the demand for raw cotton.
  • Question 43
    120 seconds
    Q. Which box below lists some results of improved steamboat technology in the United States as of the mid-1830s?
    answer choices
    A
    B
    C
    D
  • Question 44
    120 seconds
    Q. The innovation shown in this photograph below most affected the U.S. economy by?
    answer choices
    decreasing the need for canals.
    allowing more efficient movement of goods.
    reducing the costs of settling in western territories.
    transporting workers from southern states to northern states.
  • Question 45
    120 seconds
    Q. The Bessemer steel process affected westward expansion in the United States by enabling?
    answer choices
    clipper ships to be built in order to transport passengers from the East Coast to the West Coast.
    interstate canal systems to be built in order to transport agricultural goods from west to east.
    Conestoga wagons to be built in order to carry people and goods to the West.
    railroads to be built in order to carry people and goods to the West.
  • Question 46
    120 seconds
    Q. The introduction of interchangeable parts led directly to the?
    answer choices
    formation of the patent system.
    creation of labor unions.
    use of mass-production techniques.
    eight-hour workday.
  • Question 47
    120 seconds
    Q. How did the factory system contribute to the rapid industrialization of the United States?
    answer choices
    By using slave labor to mass-produce goods.
    By relying on skilled artisans to create custom goods.
    By making the production of goods more efficient.
    By making the distribution of goods less costly.
  • Question 48
    120 seconds
    Q. Which of these occurred during early U.S. industrialization?  
    answer choices
    Manufacturers instituted a five-day workweek.  
    Labor laws required factories to provide a safe working environment.  
    Workers were required to attend schools to develop technical skills.  
    Production of goods transitioned from homes to factories.  
  • Question 49
    120 seconds
    Q. These developments below occurred as a result of increased —
    answer choices
    industrialization
    westward migration
    expansion of U.S. territory
    government regulation of business
  • Question 50
    120 seconds
    Q. Which of these was an effect of the Industrial Revolution on U.S. women in the early nineteenth century?
    answer choices
    Women in unions gained bargaining power with employers.
    The government passed laws to improve safety for women in the workplace.
    Women seeking work migrated from rural communities to cities.
    State governments called conventions in support of women’s suffrage.
  • Question 51
    30 seconds
    Q. Which of the following would most appropriately be called a basic cause of the Mexican War in 1846?
    answer choices
    Mexican violations of the Monroe Doctrine
    antislavery sentiment in Mexico
    evaporation of Spanish power in North America
     American desire to own Mexico's northern provinces
  • Question 52
    30 seconds
    Q.

    Which of the following was a term in the Treaty of Guadeloupe Hidalgo?

    answer choices

    United States begins to trade with Mexico

    Mexico pays $20 million for damages during Mexican-American War

    United States pay $15 million for half of Mexico

    United States citizens are allowed to move to Mexican Territory

  • Question 53
    30 seconds
    Q.

    Which city grew the most as a result of the California gold rush?

    answer choices

    San Diego

    Los Angeles

    Oakland

    San Francisco

  • Question 54
    60 seconds
    Q. This painting was completed in 1864, just before the end of the Civil War. At that time, what idea did the western frontier represent to many Americans?
    answer choices
    The need to establish national parks
    The threat of industrial pollution
    The abundance of wildlife
    The promise of a new beginning for the nation.
  • Question 55
    60 seconds
    Q. The United States acquired the Oregon Territory when —
    answer choices
    a treaty divided U.S. and British claims to the land
    Mexico sold the territory to the United States for $10 million 
    the territory’s settlers voted for annexation by the United States
    Russia sold the land to the United States for $7.2 million
  • Question 56
    30 seconds
    Q. What is the territory identified in the picture the U.S. acquired in 1819? 
    answer choices
    Florida Purchase
    Thirteen Colonies
    Mexican Cession
    Oregon County
  • Question 57
    30 seconds
    Q. What is the territory the U.S. acquired in 1848 identified in the picture? 
    answer choices
    Florida Purchase
    Thirteen Colonies
    Mexican Cession
    Oregon County
  • Question 58
    60 seconds
    Q. What piece of land was purchased in order to build something in the South? What did they want to build?
    answer choices
    Mexican Cession/Trails
    Louisiana Territory/Canals
    transcontinental/Oregon Country
    Gadsden Purchase/Railroad
  • Question 59
    60 seconds
    Q. Which document had these characteristics in the image?
    answer choices
    Declaration of Independence
    U.S. Constitution
    Bill of Rights
    Northwest Ordinance
  • Question 60
    30 seconds
    Q. In 1846, war broke out between the United States and Mexico. What was the main cause of this war?
    answer choices
    a dispute over the number of settlers in the Oregon Territory
    issues arising over the boundaries of Texas
    the discovery of gold in California
    the relocation of American Indians from the Southeast
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