science review
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  • Question 1
    30 seconds
    Q.

    Meteorologists are able to predict weather within probable ranges because air masses responsible for weather interact in predictable ways. The boundary at which two air masses meet is called a front, which is the main cause of stormy weather. Which statement best elaborates on how air masses would interact to cause severe weather?

    answer choices

    Warm air masses and cold air masses have different densities, and when they mix, their densities stabilize, and excess moisture is released.

    As the fronts move away from one another, the cold air mass is heated by the warm air mass. When cool air becomes warm, precipitation falls.

    Cold air is denser than warm air, so the cold air mass travels beneath the warm air, pushing it up. Storms are often the result of rising warm air.

    Since warm air is more dense than cold air, the cold air mass is forced higher. When the cold air becomes too heavy, it releases heavy precipitation.

  • Question 2
    30 seconds
    Q.

    Earth is unequally heated by the Sun due to its tilt, causing patterns of atmospheric and oceanic circulation that affect regional climates. As shown on the atmospheric circulation map (left), sunlight drives latitudinal banding of the atmosphere, which impacts the Coriolis Effect and prevailing winds. These winds affect temperatures and weather in a number of ways, like when air is pushed up mountains by winds, it expands as pressure decreases, causing temperature to decrease as well. As shown on the ocean current map (right), ocean circulation is restricted by the Coriolis Effect as well as continental borders. Combined, these elements determine regional climates around the world.

    Based on this information and the patterns shown on these maps, what reasonable conclusion can be drawn about the rotation and unequal heating of Earth?

    answer choices

    They cause patterns to vary by latitude, altitude, and geographic land distribution.

    They cause regional climates to change often, based on geographic land distribution

    They cause damage to the ozone layer, because warm air is constantly pushed upward.

    They cause atmosphere and ocean circulations to be random and unpredictable.

  • Question 3
    30 seconds
    Q.

    What are the order of events for a tornado to take place?

    I. The sun heats up the surface of the land. As the warm, less heavy air begins to rise, it meets the colder, heavier air above it.

    II. With more warm air rising, the spinning air encounters more updraft. The winds spin faster, vertically upwards, and gains more momentum.

    III. The spinning winds creates a vortex and the wind has enough energy to fuel itself.

    IV. The faster moving air begins to spin and roll over the slower wind. As it rolls on, it gathers speed and grows in size.

    V. The tornado is moving in the direction of the thunderstorm winds. Touch down occurs.

    Consider the steps in tornado formation. Place the steps in correct order. Remember, the conditions needed to start the tornado forming process!

    answer choices

    I, II, III, IV, V

    II, I, IV, III, V

    I, IV, II, V, III

    I, IV, II, III, V

  • Question 4
    30 seconds
    Q.

    Ocean currents are caused by water's density differences. The density differences in the ocean water are due to different salt concentrations and differences in

    answer choices

    temperature.

    waves.

    plate tectonics.

    volcanic activity.

  • Question 5
    30 seconds
    Q.

    During the day, the Sun heats the ocean and the ocean stores this energy. During the evening the land cools and the ocean transfers the energy back to the air. As a result you get a cool breeze. if the cool air mass is over land and a warm air mass over water is to the right of land.


    answer choices

    there would be no breeze

    left to right

    right to left

    top to bottom

  • Question 6
    30 seconds
    Q.

    Which continent never has hurricanes/typhoons?


    answer choices

    Asia

    Antarctica

    North America

    Europe

  • Question 7
    30 seconds
    Q.

    As you travel up into the mountains, you notice discomfort in your ears. This is due to


    answer choices

    the high air pressure in the mountains.

    the low air pressure in the mountains.

    the low pressure at the bottom of the mountain.

    the low pressure in your ears.

  • Question 8
    30 seconds
    Q.

    What event is MOST LIKELY to cause a

    hurricane?

    answer choices

    a deep underwater earthquake

    warm water evaporated from the ocean

    a distant tidal wave

    a supercell thunderstorm

  • Question 9
    30 seconds
    Q.

    Earth seems to be the only planet in

    our solar system that can support life. All BUT ONE of these is a reason why

    life is found only on Earth. That is




    answer choices

    it is the perfect distance from the sun.

    it has gravity to hold an atmosphere in place.

    the presence of water on Earth.

    a moderate climate.

  • Question 10
    30 seconds
    Q.

    The Earth's atmosphere is divided into five layers. In the middle layer is where most foreign objects, such as meteors, will burn up as they enter the atmosphere.

    answer choices

    stratosphere

    troposphere

    mesosphere

    exosphere

  • Question 11
    30 seconds
    Q.

    Conduction occurs more easily between solids and liquids. This is because the particles in gases are


    answer choices

    closer together and move more

    slowly.

    closer together and move faster.

    further apart and move more

    slowly.

    farther apart and move faster.

  • Question 12
    30 seconds
    Q.

    How does the change in ocean

    temperatures impact weather and life on land?


    answer choices

    As the poles and associated ice melts, the oceans get cooler, resulting in greater evaporation of water and therefore, larger catastrophic storms.

    Warm ocean water acts as an energy sink, preventing water's evaporation into the atmosphere. This results in less precipitation.

    Warmer ocean temperature means more water is evaporated into the atmosphere, water that supplies the energy for hurricanes to grow and move over land.

    As the poles and associated ice melts, the oceans get cooler, less water is evaporating into our atmosphere resulting in prolonged drought.

  • Question 13
    30 seconds
    Q.

    Which explains the seasonal variation in the number of hurricanes that form in the Atlantic?



    answer choices

    Hurricanes derive their energy from heat.

    Hurricanes form at lower latitudes and travel to higher latitudes.

    Hurricanes rely on moisture for energy.

    Hurricanes form more frequently when sea levels are higher.

  • Question 14
    30 seconds
    Q.

    The formation of hurricanes, storms, and other weather events require energy. The original energy source for all of these events is which type of energy?


    answer choices

    geothermal energy.

    wind energy.

    Nuclear fission.

    solar energy.

  • Question 15
    30 seconds
    Q.

    At the beach, differences in temperatures create wind which transfers heat between the land and the water.

    The same process is also seen in the ocean as the gulf stream carries heat from the tropics northward. Heat transfer through any intermediate fluid is known as

    answer choices

    conduction

    convection.

    condensation

    radiation

  • Question 16
    30 seconds
    Q.

    Humidity is to blame for that muggy, steamy

    feeling you experience on some hot summer days. What gas in the atmosphere causes humidity?

    answer choices

    water vapor

    oxygen

    hydrogen

    nitrogen

  • Question 17
    30 seconds
    Q.

    Why are coastal areas cooler during the day than inland areas?


    answer choices

    Coastal areas experience storms

    every other day.

    The sea absorbs the heat of the

    air over coastal areas.

    A cool breeze blows from the sea

    during the day.

    It rains during the day in coastal

    areas.

  • Question 18
    30 seconds
    Q.


    How would global warming change the water cycle and the climate around bodies of water, like oceans and lakes?

    answer choices

    Warmer temperatures would cause

    more evaporation and much less ground water.

    Warmer temperatures would cause

    more evaporation and more precipitation.

    Warmer temperatures would cause in

    a drier, hotter climate.

    Warmer temperatures would cause

    more precipitation and less run-off.

  • Question 19
    30 seconds
    Q.

    Tropical seas have a high rate of

    evaporation because of the direct rays of the sun. Because of this high rate of evaporation, we would expect the water in tropical seas to have __________ than seas in colder climates.



    answer choices

    cooler temperatures

    higher salt concentrations

    less algal growth

    a lower density

  • Question 20
    30 seconds
    Q.

    Scientists say that conditions must be "just right" for a hurricane to start up. Which is the first step of "just right" in the development of a hurricane?


    answer choices

    Humid ocean air cools and condenses to form precipitation.

    Hot dry wind blows from land across the ocean surface.

    Cool ocean water replaces warmer surface water.

    Very warm ocean water evaporates into the atmosphere.

  • Question 21
    30 seconds
    Q.

    The Gulf Stream current shown here

    makes the waters of the North Atlantic


    answer choices

    more nutrient rich

    cooler

    denser

    warmer.

  • Question 22
    30 seconds
    Q.

    The large winds that circle the Earth

    occur because the equator


    answer choices

    has less energy than the Sun.

    is perpendicular to the Suns rays.

    is the place where the Earth bulges slightly.

    is warmer than the north and south poles.

  • Question 23
    30 seconds
    Q.

    If Earth's atmosphere did NOT contain

    any water vapor, the temperature of the earth's surface would


    answer choices

    be significantly lower.

    be significantly hotter.

    be about the same.

    be unable to fluctuate.

  • Question 24
    30 seconds
    Q.

    The Earth's atmosphere is divided into

    five layers. In which layer does all life exist?


    answer choices

    troposphere

    exophere

    stratosphere

    mesophere

  • Question 25
    60 seconds
    Q. What is the process by which natural resources break down rocks?
    answer choices
    Erosion
    Weathering
    Abrasion
    Pressure
  • Question 26
    60 seconds
    Q. _____  is the process in which weathered particles are picked up and moved form one place to an other.
    answer choices
    Weathering
    Erosion
    deposition
    sediment
  • Question 27
    60 seconds
    Q. What is deposition?
    answer choices
    The part of the erosion process in which sediment is placed in a new location or deposited.
    Sediment
    How weathered particles move from one place to another
  • Question 28
    60 seconds
    Q. What is moraine?
    answer choices
    A deposit of till left behind from a retreating glacier
    Dirt
    Erosion
  • Question 29
    30 seconds
    Q. Plate tectonics helps explain the formation of which of the following?
    answer choices
    mountains 
    trees
    clouds
    all of the above
  • Question 30
    30 seconds
    Q. What is one cause of earthquakes? 
    answer choices
    The Sun's gravity pulling on our Earth. 
    Tectonic Plates striking and slipping past each other. 
    The moon phases
    Drilling wells 
  • Question 31
    30 seconds
    Q. What geological feature on Earth is the Ring of Fire? 
    answer choices
    Option A huge forest fire that happened in California1*
    A volcanic island in the Indian Ocean 
    A ring of volcanoes around the Pacific Ocean 
    A science game 
  • Question 32
    60 seconds
    Q. When those materials stop moving and build up somewhere else.
    answer choices
    Weathering
    Erosion
    Deposition
  • Question 33
    60 seconds
    Q. A hill of sand, made and shaped by wind.
    answer choices
    Sand Dune
    Delta
    Fault
  • Question 34
    60 seconds
    Q. An area of new land at the mouth of a river.
    answer choices
    Sand Dune
    Delta
    Fault
  • Question 35
    60 seconds
    Q. A shaking of Earth’s surface, caused by movement of rock in the crust.
    answer choices
    Earthquake
    Volcano
    Tsunami
  • Question 36
    60 seconds
    Q. A scientist who studies earthquakes.
    answer choices
    Seismologist
    Paleontologist
    Orthopedist
    Pediatrician
  • Question 37
    30 seconds
    Q. An example of chemical weathering is
    answer choices
    acid rain
    ice cracking the driveway
    the Grand Canyon
    a volcano
  • Question 38
    30 seconds
    Q. Weathering can be created by
    answer choices
    wind
    ice
    water
    all of the above
  • Question 39
    30 seconds
    Q. The name for the structures that prevents sediment and sand from being swept down the coast and are built at 90 degree angles from the beach are
    answer choices
    seawall
    groin
    levee
    stormdrain
  • Question 40
    30 seconds
    Q. Beach nourishment is
    answer choices
    the process of cleaning up the beach so the marine life is free of disease
    The process of clearing a sand dune so turtles can nest
    Building a seawall to prevent erosion
    Bringing sand in with trucks to rebuild the beach
  • Question 41
    30 seconds
    Q. Which of the following can be both constructive and destructive
    answer choices
    earthquake
    delta
    volcano
    both a and c
  • Question 42
    30 seconds
    Q. Which of the following is caused by deposition
    answer choices
    delta
    sand dune
    a and c
    canyon
  • Question 43
    30 seconds
    Q. A type of farming that is used on a hillside might be
    answer choices
    agriculture
    irrigation
    contour plowing
    sharecropping
  • Question 44
    30 seconds
    Q. Match the following words to the pictures
    answer choices
    Constructive Forces
    Destructive Forces
    Weathering
    Human Intervention
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