Industrial Revolution and Urbanization
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  • Question 1
    30 seconds
    Q. What is the movement of people from farms to cities?
    answer choices
    Utilitarianism
    Urbanization
    Proletariat
    Enclosure Movement
  • Question 2
    30 seconds
    Q. What are identical components that can be used in place of each other?
    answer choices
    Interchangeable parts
    Factories
    Dynamos
    Assembly Lines
  • Question 3
    30 seconds
    Q. The cottage industry system involved manufacturing...
    answer choices
    of steam engines.
    of hand-made luxury goods.
    in the home. 
    in small factories.
  • Question 4
    30 seconds
    Q. What product was first made using machines in factories?
    answer choices
    Steel
    textiles
    locomotives
    flying shuttles
  • Question 5
    180 seconds
    Q. What was a positive consequence of the construction of the Erie Canal?
    answer choices
    Western farmers could send their goods down the Mississippi River to the port of New Orleans.
    Western farmers could send their goods from the Great Lakes through the canal to the Hudson River and New York City
    Western farmers could trade their crops for furs from the American Indians in the Great Lakes region
    Western farmers could move their families west of the Rocky Mountains
  • Question 6
    180 seconds
    Q. What was one consequences of the type of taxes shown in the diagram?
    answer choices
    British manufacturers sold more goods in America
    American Indians preferred to purchase British goods
    Southern plantation owners sold more raw cotton in Britain than in the United States
    Northern factory owners received some protection from British competition
  • Question 7
    180 seconds
    Q. During the nineteenth century, in which region of the United States did the plantation system play a key role in the economy and way of life? 
    answer choices
    New England
    Middle Atlantic states
    the South
    the West
  • Question 8
    180 seconds
    Q. What impact did the increasing demand for raw cotton by textile mills in the early nineteenth century have on the South? 
    answer choices
    Southern plantation owners built their own textile mills
    The number of slaves working on Southern cotton plantations increased
    Southern plantation owners began replacing their slaves with more efficient free laborers
    Farmers who worked their own land without slaves took an increasing share of production
  • Question 9
    180 seconds
    Q. In the mid-nineteenth century, the number of American factories increased. What shift in the population occurred as a result?
    answer choices
    African Americans in the North moved South
    People moved from rural areas to cities to find jobs
    Urban residents left cities to find jobs in agriculture
    Large numbers of settlers in the West moved back East
  • Question 10
    180 seconds
    Q. Which inland waterway provided Western American farmers and merchants with a means for shipping their goods to the Gulf of Mexico?
    answer choices
    Mississippi River 
    Erie Canal
    Hudson River
    Ohio River
  • Question 11
    180 seconds
    Q. In the early nineteenth century, thousands of Irish immigrants found work —
    answer choices
    growing cotton on Southern plantations
    digging the Erie Canal in upstate New York
    harvesting fruits and vegetables in California
    building the western section of the Transcontinental Railroad 
  • Question 12
    180 seconds
    Q. What was one effect of the acquisition of this area by the United States? 
    answer choices
    Its annexation led to a conflict with both France and Great Britain
    It led to violence over the issue of the westward extension of slavery
    It doubled the area of the United States and gave it control of the Mississippi River
    It caused a border dispute with Mexico, leading to the U.S.-Mexican War
  • Question 13
    180 seconds
    Q. Why was the Monroe Doctrine (1823) of such importance to the United States?
    answer choices
    It announced that the United States was ready to enter into military alliances with European powers
    It expanded the influence of the United States in the Western Hemisphere
    It gained rights for American merchants to harbor their ships in ports around the world
    It demonstrated that Americans would not engage in actions affecting areas beyond their own borders
  • Question 14
    180 seconds
    Q. Which of the following best explains the increased urbanization during the mid-1800s?
    answer choices
    New laws restricted the flow of immigration from Ireland
    People moved to cities to find better paid jobs
    Urban residents fled the cities for the countryside
    The number of factories in the countryside decreased 
  • Question 15
    180 seconds
    Q. 2 How did the War of 1812 lead to economic changes in the nation?
    answer choices
    Americans became more dependent on importing manufactured goods from France.
    New England lost its lead in shipbuilding after the destruction of the American fleet during the war.
    The settlement of the West was slowed down because of the peace settlement with England.
    Northern manufacturers greatly increased their production of textiles, which could not be imported from England during the war.
  • Question 16
    180 seconds
    Q. Which of these factors played the greatest role in the rapid industrialization and urbanization of the United States in the 19th century?
    answer choices
    the construction of roads, canals, and railroads
    the expansion of the plantation system throughout the South
    the removal of American Indian tribes from Georgia and Florida
    the chartering of the Bank of the United States
  • Question 17
    180 seconds
    Q. How did construction of the Erie Canal and of the Transcontinental Railroad similarly support industrial growth?
    answer choices
    Each helped the West to become more self-sufficient
    Each reduced the cost of shipping goods between the East and West
    Each reduced the need for trade with foreign nations
    Each gave access to a cheaper all-water route between the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans
  • Question 18
    180 seconds
    Q. Which of the following was a feature of the free enterprise system that developed in the United States?
    answer choices
    national ownership of transportation and key industries
    minimal government intrusion into economic affairs
    high levels of state and federal taxation of private wealth
    a disregard for private property rights in the interests of the state
  • Question 19
    180 seconds
    Q. Which is the best summary of the “Three-Fifths Compromise”?
    answer choices
    To resolve the conflict between large and small states, Congress was given two houses 
    To resolve the issue of the extension of slavery into the Louisiana Territory, a line was drawn dividing future free and slave states
    To resolve the dispute between free and slave states, each slave was counted as less than one free person for purposes of both taxation and representation
    To resolve the issue of the admission of California as a free state, a tougher fugitive slave law was enacted
  • Question 20
    180 seconds
    Q. Why did the framers choose to include a system of checks and balances in the U.S. Constitution?
    answer choices
    to enable rapid change in government policy to meet emergencies
    to provide ordinary citizens with a voice in their national government
    to prevent any one branch of the federal government from becoming too strong
    to permit states to nullify unconstitutional acts of Congress 
  • Question 21
    180 seconds
    Q. What was the significance of the U.S. Supreme Court decision in Marbury v. Madison? 
    answer choices
    It defined the scope of Congressional power to regulate interstate commerce
    It limited the power of the President to veto acts of Congress 
    It established the right of the U.S. Supreme Court to declare a law unconstitutional
    It placed restrictions on Congressional power under the “elastic” clause of the U.S. Constitution
  • Question 22
    180 seconds
    Q. Which is the best summary of the Great Compromise?
    answer choices
    To resolve the conflict between large and small states, Congress was given two houses
    To resolve the problem between free and slave states, each slave was counted as threefifths for purposes of both taxation and representation
    To resolve the issue of the extension of slavery into the Louisiana Territory, a line was drawn dividing future free and slave states
    To resolve the issue of the admission of California as a free state, a tougher fugitive slave law was enacted. 
  • Question 23
    180 seconds
    Q. Which is the best summary of the Missouri Compromise?
    answer choices
    To resolve the conflict between large and small states, Congress was given two houses 
    To resolve the issue of the extension of slavery into the Louisiana Territory, a line was drawn dividing future free and slave states
    To resolve the dispute between free and slave states, each slave was counted as three-fifths of a person for purposes of both taxation and representation
    To resolve the issue of the admission of California as a free state, a tougher fugitive slave law was enacted 
  • Question 24
    180 seconds
    Q. How did President George Washington’s Farewell Address influence the foreign policy of the United States?
    answer choices
    It signaled that American Presidents should reduce the importation of European goods. 
    It cautioned American Presidents to halt the colonization of the Western Hemisphere by European powers.
    It advised later American Presidents to follow a policy of neutrality in dealing with European nations.
    It suggested that American leaders place restrictions on the number of immigrants entering the United States.
  • Question 25
    180 seconds
    Q. Which American President warned European powers not to establish new colonies in the Western Hemisphere? 
    answer choices
    George Washington
    Thomas Jefferson
    Andrew Jackson
    James Monroe
  • Question 26
    180 seconds
    Q. How did Samuel Morse's best-known innovation contribute to U.S. growth and development? 
    answer choices
    It enabled instantaneous long-distance transmission of information
    It allowed manufactured goods to be produced at lower costs
    It boosted the speed of cross-country mail delivery
    It increased national unity by reducing sectional differences
  • Question 27
    45 seconds
    Q. Which factor best completes this diagram?
    answer choices
    A. New transportation systems 
    B. Increased government regulation 
    C. A decline in agricultural production 
    D. The growth of labor unions
  • Question 28
    45 seconds
    Q. Which of these best completes the diagram above?
    answer choices
     A. The demand for slaves increases in the South.
     B. More textile factories are established in the South.
     C. The number of European immigrants arriving at southern port cities increases.
    D. More tobacco and food crops are cultivated on southern plantations.
  • Question 29
    30 seconds
    Q. Which innovation  allowed factories to be built anywhere?
    answer choices
    flying shuttle
    spinning jenny
    cotton gin
    steam engine
  • Question 30
    30 seconds
    Q. How did the Industrial Revolution affect the cities?
    answer choices
    Made the crime rate decrease
    Led to an increase in farm workers
    Make the cities cleaner and safer
    Led to an increase in population in the cities
  • Question 31
    30 seconds
    Q. One effect of the cotton gin was that ____.
    answer choices
    farmers could plant more cotton in limited space
    the need for enslaved labor decreased
    the seeds of the cotton plant no longer stuck to the fibers
    workers could process more cotton
  • Question 32
    20 seconds
    Q. Who invented the cotton gin?
    answer choices
    Eli Whitney
    Jim Morse
    James Watt
    the guy that delivers your pizza
  • Question 33
    30 seconds
    Q. Where were most factories built before the steam engine was invented?
    answer choices
    in the mountains
    in the desert
    along rivers
    anywhere
  • Question 34
    30 seconds
    Q. Who invented the steamboat?
    answer choices
    Robert Fulton
    Samuel Morse
    Cyrus McCormick
    Francis Cabot Lowell
  • Question 35
    30 seconds
    Q. Before the Industrial Revolution all products were created by
    answer choices
    Factories
    Hand
    Slaves
    Royalty
  • Question 36
    30 seconds
    Q. This region of the US became increasingly dependent upon slavery in the early 1800s
    answer choices
    North
    South
    East 
    West
  • Question 37
    30 seconds
    Q. Who invented the mechanical reaper?
    answer choices
    Eli Whitney
    Samuel Morse
    Cyrus McCormick
    John Deere
  • Question 38
    30 seconds
    Q. Who invented the telegraph?
    answer choices
    Elias Howe
    Eli Whitney
    Samuel Slater
    Samuel Morse
  • Question 39
    45 seconds
    Q. These developments occurred as a result of increased —
    answer choices
    A. industrialization
    B. westward migration 
    C. expansion of U.S. territory 
    D. government regulation of business
  • Question 40
    300 seconds
    Q. Which title belongs in the center of this diagram?
    answer choices
    Technological Innovations in Manufacturing
    Noteworthy European Scientific Inventions
    Effects of the Factory System
    Changes in Transportation
  • Question 41
    300 seconds
    Q. The innovation shown in this photograph most affected the U.S. economy by--
    answer choices
    decreasing the need for canals
    allowing more efficient movement of goods
    reducing the costs of settling in western territories
    transporting workers from southern states to northern states
  • Question 42
    300 seconds
    Q. How did Samuel Morse's best-known innovation contribute to U.S. growth and development?
    answer choices
    It enabled instantaneous long distance transmission of information.
    It allowed manufactured goods to be produced at lower costs.
    It boosted the speed of cross-country mail delivery. 
    It increased national unity by reducing sectional differences. 
  • Question 43
    300 seconds
    Q. What was one major effect of the Erie Canal on the United States in the early nineteenth century?
    answer choices
    The rapid growth of cities in the Northeast
    A rise in cotton exports to the United Kingdown
    An increase in the cost of shipping goods to Europe
    A decrease in trade between settlers and American Indians
  • Question 44
    300 seconds
    Q. The growth of railroads during the nineteenth century affected U.S. businesses by-
    answer choices
    discouraging Congress from instituting tariffs
    increasing the cost of raw materials
    decreasing the wages of unskilled workers
    opening new markets for goods
  • Question 45
    300 seconds
    Q. The introduction of interchangeable parts led directly to the--
    answer choices
    formation of the patent system
    creation of labor unions
    use of mass-production techniques
    eight-hour workday
  • Question 46
    300 seconds
    Q. Which statement best describes a result of industrialization in the United States during the mid-nineteenth century?
    answer choices
    People moved to cities in search of economic opportunity.
    Farmers began to cultivate land west of the Appalachian mountains.
    Native peoples were forcibly relocated to western territories.
    Government officials began to promote the idea of manifest destiny. 
  • Question 47
    300 seconds
    Q. Which of these was an effect of the Industrial Revolution on U.S. women int he early nineteenth century?
    answer choices
    Women in unions gained bargaining power with employers.
    The government passed laws to improve safety for women in the workplace.
    Women seeking work migrated from rural communities to cities.
    State governments called conventions in support of women's suffrage. 
  • Question 48
    300 seconds
    Q. In the early 1800s, urbanization was mainly the result of the--
    answer choices
    Shortage of land for new farms
    federally funded national roads
    impact of industrialization
    migration of Native American Indians
  • Question 49
    300 seconds
    Q. How did the plantation system influence the economic development of the United States?
    answer choices
    It prevented the development of industry in the Northeast.
    It turned the South into a major producer of the cotton used in northern mills.
    It restricted agricultural expansion in the western territories.
    It increased federal dependency on tariffs for revenue.
  • Question 50
    300 seconds
    Q. How did the War of 1812 affect the U.S. economy?
    answer choices
    The use of federal paper currency increased.
    Agricultural imports increased.
    Imports of raw materials increased.
    Manufacturing increased.
  • Question 51
    300 seconds
    Q. How did the development of the factory system encourage urbanization?
    answer choices
    Manufacturers produced goods to export overseas.
    Labor unions were formed to protect mill workers.
    Workers moved closer to manufacturing centers
    Industrialist invested in cotton plantations. 
  • Question 52
    300 seconds
    Q. Which pull factor accounted for much of Chinese immigration to the United States in the mid-1800's?
    answer choices
    An opportunity for free land in the Midwest
    The prospect of religious freedom
    An economic boom in the West
    The possibility of a free education
  • Question 53
    300 seconds
    Q. In the 1840's, thousands of Irish immigrants came to the United States seeking to escape--
    answer choices
    a civil war between protestants and Catholics
    a famine caused by the failure of a staple food crop
    a series of violent conflicts between the British and the Irish governments
    a series of smallpox epidemics
  • Question 54
    300 seconds
    Q. During the early 1800's many young women in New England were employed outside their homes as--
    answer choices
    crew members on cargo ships
    cloth weavers in textile mills
    staff reporters for local newspapers
    legal counselors in state courts
  • Question 55
    300 seconds
    Q. What was a result of improved steam technology in the United States as of the mid 1830's?
    answer choices
    New states were added to the Union.
    The population of major cities decreased.
    Support for Manifest Destiny grew stronger.
    The cost to transport goods decreased
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