Earth Unit Test Review
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rzinke
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  • Question 1
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    Q. Hot molten rock that forms beneath Earth' surface
    answer choices
    felsic
    magma
    rock cycle
    stratification
  • Question 2
    20 seconds
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    Q. This type of weathering occurs when rock is physically broken down into smaller pieces of rock.
    answer choices
    mechanical weathering
    chemical weathering
    erosion weathering
    deposition
  • Question 3
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    Q. This type of weathering occurs when rocks weaken then break down due to chemical changes in the composition of the rock.
    answer choices
    mechanical weathering
    chemical weathering
    erosion weathering
    deposition
  • Question 4
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    Q. These rocks were made smooth by wind blowing smaller rock particles across their surface.  This is an example of:
    answer choices
    ice wedging
    chemical weathering
    acid rain
    abrasion
  • Question 5
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    Q. These rocks were broken apart from the continuous freeze/thaw of water in the cracks of the rocks. This is an example of:
    answer choices
    ice wedging
    acid rain
    permeability
    abrasion
  • Question 6
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    Q. These gravestones have slowly broken down and turned a blackish color due to the action of:
    answer choices
    ice wedging
    abrasion
    acid rain
    mechanical weathering
  • Question 7
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    Q. How is mechanical weathering different from chemical weathering?
    answer choices
    Chemical weathering happens over much shorter time frame than mechanical weathering.
    Chemical weathering changes the chemical composition of rocks; mechanical weathering does not.
    Chemical weathering occurs only in tropical climates; mechanical weathering occurs only in cool climates.
    Chemical weathering occurs only in the mountains; mechanical weathering occurs only on flat land.
  • Question 8
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    Q. Weeds growing into the cracks in a sidewalk and the sidewalk begins to crumble is an example of:
    answer choices
    mechanical weathering
    chemical weathering
  • Question 9
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    Q. Potholes forming in the road after a cold winter is an example of:
    answer choices
    mechanical weathering
    chemical weathering
  • Question 10
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    Q. A metal statue slowly turning green after years of being outside is an example of:
    answer choices
    mechanical weathering
    chemical weathering
  • Question 11
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    Q. The formation of large cracks in the face of a mountain from ice wedging is an example of:
    answer choices
    mechanical weathering
    chemical weathering
  • Question 12
    30 seconds
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    Q. This layer of the Earth is the outermost (TOP) layer of the Earth.
    answer choices
    Crust
    Mantle
    Outer Core
    Inner Core
  • Question 13
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    Q. This layer of the Earth is directly below the crust.
    answer choices
    Crust
    Mantle
    Outer Core
    Inner Core
  • Question 14
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    Q. This layer of the Earth is the only liquid layer.
    answer choices
    Crust
    Mantle
    Outer Core
    Inner Core
  • Question 15
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    Q. Which layer of Earth has the GREATEST density?
    answer choices
    crust
    mantle
    outer core
    inner core
  • Question 16
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    Q. What happens to temperature as we move from the crust to the inner core?
    answer choices
    Decreases
    Increases
    Remains the same
  • Question 17
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    Q. What is the correct order (starting from the surface) of Earth's layers?
    answer choices
    crust, outer core, inner core, mantle
    mantle, outer core, inner core, crust
    crust, mantle, outer core, inner core
    outer core, inner core, crust, mantle
  • Question 18
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    Q. What is the core made of?
    answer choices
    nickel
    iron 
    aluminum
    iron and nickel
  • Question 19
    120 seconds
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    Q. What is the process of transporting sediments from location to another?
    answer choices
    Deposition
    Erosion
    Weathering
    Compaction
  • Question 20
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    Q. _________ is the breaking down of rock into smaller pieces. 
    answer choices
    glacier
    weathering
    erosion
    deposition
  • Question 21
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    Q. Earth's hydrosphere is made from,
    answer choices
    Rock
    Lava
    Air
    Water
  • Question 22
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    Q. What is luster?
    answer choices
    The color of a mineral when it is ground into a powder.
    A measure of how easily a mineral can be scratched.
    The way a mineral shines, or reflects light.
    The way a mineral breaks
  • Question 23
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    Q. What is a mineral?
    answer choices
    A nonliving solid material that has a definite chemical make up and is found in Earth's outermost layer.
    A measure of how easily a mineral can be scratched.
    The way a mineral shines, or reflects light.
  • Question 24
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    Q. What is a streak?
    answer choices
    The tendency on a mineral to split easily along flat surfaces.
    A measure of how easily a mineral can be scratched.
    The color of a mineral when it is ground into a powder.
    The way a mineral breaks
  • Question 25
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    Q. Another way to test hardness is...
    answer choices
    Mineral scale
    Moh's scale
    Streak scale
  • Question 26
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    Q. What is an igneous rock?
    answer choices
    Rock that forms when melted, or molten rock from deep below Earth's surface cools and hardens.
    A solid material made up of one or more minerals.
    Rock that forms when existing rocks are changed by heat, pressure, or chemicals beneath the Earth's surface.
    Rocks that from from deposition and cementation
  • Question 27
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    Q. What is metamorphic rock?
    answer choices
    Rock that forms when melted, or molten rock from deep below Earth's surface cools and hardens.
    A solid material made up of one or more minerals.
    Rock that forms when existing rocks are changed by heat, pressure, or chemicals beneath the Earth's surface.
    Rocks that from from deposition and cementation
  • Question 28
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    Q. What is a rock?
    answer choices
    Rock that forms when melted, or molten rock from deep below Earth's surface cools and hardens.
    A solid material made up of one or more minerals.
    Rock that forms when existing rocks are changed by heat, pressure, or chemicals beneath the Earth's surface.
    Rocks that from from deposition and cementation
  • Question 29
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    Q. This rock was molten lava that cooled quickly as it came out of a volcano. What type of rock is this?
    answer choices
    Sedimentary
    Extrusive Igneous
    Metamorphic
    Intrusive Igneous
  • Question 30
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    Q. This is needed in order for a metamorphic rock to form.
    answer choices
    Pressure
    Heat 
    Heat and Pressure
    Weathering
  • Question 31
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    Q. What are igneous rocks that form as magma cools underground called?
    answer choices
    extrusive rocks
    intrusive rocks 
  • Question 32
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    Q. This rock cooled on the outside of a volcano and contained air bubbles when it was forming. What type of rock is this?
    answer choices
    Sedimentary
    Extrusive Igneous
    Metamorphic
    Intrusive Igneous
  • Question 33
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    Q. A slow cooling igneous rock will have _____ crystals
    answer choices
    large
    small
    average
    black
  • Question 34
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    Q. What is hardness?
    answer choices
    The tendency of a mineral to split easily along flat surfaces.
    A mineral's resistance to being scratched.
    The way a mineral shines, or reflects light.
    The true color of a mineral
  • Question 35
    20 seconds
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    Q. The process by which water, ice, wind or gravity moves weathered rock and soil from one place to another.
    answer choices
    weathering
    erosion
    deposition
    dumptruck
  • Question 36
    30 seconds
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    Q. In which type of climate will the greatest amount of chemical weathering occur?
    answer choices
    Cold and dry
    Warm and dry
    Cold and moist
    Warm and moist
  • Question 37
    30 seconds
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    Q. In which type of climate will the greatest amount of physical/mechanical weathering occur?
    answer choices
    Cold and dry
    Warm and dry
    Cold and moist
    Warm and moist
  • Question 38
    30 seconds
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    Q. What happens to the surface area and chemical composition when a rock is crushed into fragments?
    answer choices
    The total surface area decreases and the chemical composition changes.
    The total surface area decreases and the chemical composition stays the same.
    The total surface area increases and the chemical composition changes.
    The total surface area increases and the chemical composition stays the same.
  • Question 39
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    Q. Dissolving of sugar is a 
    answer choices
    physical change
    chemical change
  • Question 40
    30 seconds
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    Q. Sedimentary rocks are the only rocks that will have,
    answer choices
    crystals
    banding
    fossils
    smooth surfaces
  • Question 41
    30 seconds
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    Q. Which substance has the greatest effect on the rate of weathering of rock?
    answer choices
    Nitrogen
    Hydrogen
    Water
    Argon
  • Question 42
    30 seconds
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    Q. The layered mixture of gases surrounding Earth is called the
    answer choices
    atmosphere
    lithosphere
    hydrosphere
    hemisphere
  • Question 43
    30 seconds
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    Q. Which process is responsible for the removal of rock layers?
    answer choices
    Erosion
    Deposition
    Earthquakes
    Faulting
  • Question 44
    30 seconds
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    Q. A lit match is an example of a
    answer choices
    physical change
    chemical change
  • Question 45
    30 seconds
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    Q. Melting is an example of a 
    answer choices
    physical change
    chemical change
  • Question 46
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    Q. The characteristic of calcite bubbling when it comes in contact with acid is a 
    answer choices
    chemical property
    physical property
  • Question 47
    30 seconds
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    Q. Which property best describes a rock which has formed from sediments?
    answer choices
    crystalline structure
    glassy texture
    banding or zoning of minerals
    fragmented particles arranged in layers
  • Question 48
    30 seconds
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    Q. As temperature increases, what happens to the rate of chemical weathering?
    answer choices
    It increases
    It decrease
    It remains the same
  • Question 49
    30 seconds
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    Q. Rusting is an example of a 
    answer choices
    physical change
    chemical change
  • Question 50
    30 seconds
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    Q. Digestion is an example of a
    answer choices
    physical change
    chemical change
  • Question 51
    30 seconds
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    Q.

    The sequence below occurs over a long time. This shows the steps in the formation of

    answer choices

    an element

    a metamorphic rock

    an igneous rock

    a fossil

  • Question 52
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    Q.

    large crystals mean the igneous rock cooled for a

    answer choices

    shorter time

    longer time

    in lava

  • Question 53
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    Q.

    Erosion

    answer choices

    moves sediment

    drops sediment off

    breaks sediment down

  • Question 54
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    Q.

    An example of erosion would be

    answer choices

    dropping off of sand

    missing sand from a beach

    breaking down of rock

    splitting a rock

  • Question 55
    30 seconds
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    Q.

    abrasion happens when

    answer choices

    ice expands when it freezes

    rocks hit other rocks

    glaciers pick up rocks and scratch the surface

    a mineral breaks on smooth surfaces

  • Question 56
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    Q.

    if a mineral is resistant, it has a high

    answer choices

    streak

    cleavage

    hardness

    fracture

  • Question 57
    30 seconds
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    Q.

    Which of the following is an observation?

    answer choices

    The ice cream is white

    The ice cream was probably made in a factory

    The ice cream tastes like its expired

    my sister would probably enjoy this ice cream

  • Question 58
    30 seconds
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    Q.

    Choose 2 ways to make something dissolve faster

    answer choices

    put it in cold water

    stir it

    heat it up

    transfer it to another material

  • Question 59
    30 seconds
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    Q.

    Which process in the rock cycle creates an igneous rock

    answer choices

    heat and pressure

    melting and solidification

    compaction and cememntation

    erosion

  • Question 60
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    Q.

    What type of rock forms from cementation?

    answer choices

    igneous

    sedimentary

    metamorphic

  • Question 61
    30 seconds
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    Q.

    Acid rain causes limestone with calcite to do what in order to make caves

    answer choices

    break in half

    grow

    dissolve

    increase in hardness

  • Question 62
    30 seconds
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    Q.

    What is a factor that would cause more erosion in a river?

    answer choices

    have it be warmer outside

    make the water move slower

    add more plants

    have the water move faster

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