Regents Earth Science - Weather Review
2 years ago
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41 QuestionsShow answers
  • Question 1
    120 seconds
    Q. Which group of substances is arranged in order of decreasing specific heat values?
    answer choices
    iron, granite, basalt
    copper, lead, iron
    dry air, water vapor, ice
    liquid water, ice, water vapor
  • Question 2
    120 seconds
    Q. During which phase change will the greatest amount of energy be absorbed by 1 gram of water?
    answer choices
    melting
    freezing
    evaporation
    condensation
  • Question 3
    120 seconds
    Q. Which list correctly matches each instrument with the weather variable it measures?
    answer choices
    wind vane—wind speed
    thermometer—temperature
    precipitation gauge—relative humidity
    wind vane—wind direction
    thermometer—dewpoint
    psychrometer—air pressure
    barometer—relative humidity
    anemometer—cloud cover
    precipitation gauge—probability of precipitation
    barometer—air pressure
    anemometer—wind speed
    psychrometer—relative humidity
  • Question 4
    120 seconds
    Q. Which weather change is most likely indicated by rapidly falling air pressure?
    answer choices
    Humidity is decreasing.
    Temperature is decreasing.
    Skies are clearing.
    A storm is approaching.
  • Question 5
    120 seconds
    Q. Weather-station measurements indicate that the dewpoint temperature and air temperature are getting farther apart and that air pressure is rising. Which type of weather is most likely arriving at the station?
    answer choices
    a snowstorm
    a warm front
    cool, dry air
    maritime tropical air
  • Question 6
    120 seconds
    Q. The highest surface wind speeds occur when there is a
    answer choices
    4-millibar air-pressure difference between two nearby locations
    4-millibar air-pressure difference between two distant locations
    20-millibar air-pressure difference between two nearby locations
    20-millibar air-pressure difference between two distant locations
  • Question 7
    120 seconds
    Q. Air pressure is usually highest when the air is
    answer choices
    cool and humid
    cool and dry
    warm and humid
    warm and dry
  • Question 8
    30 seconds
    Q. Earth’s surface winds generally blow from regions of higher
    answer choices
    air temperature toward regions of lower air temperature
    air pressure toward regions of lower air pressure
    latitudes toward regions of lower latitudes
    elevations toward regions of lower elevations
  • Question 9
    120 seconds
    Q. What is the relative humidity when the dry-bulb temperature is 16°C and the wet-bulb temperature is 14°C?
    answer choices
    90%
    80%
    14%
    13%
  • Question 10
    120 seconds
    Q. A low-pressure system in the Northern Hemisphere has a surface air-circulation pattern that is
    answer choices
    clockwise and away from the center
    clockwise and toward the center
    counterclockwise and away from the center
    counterclockwise and toward the center
  • Question 11
    120 seconds
    Q. The weather characteristics of air masses result primarily from their
    answer choices
    geographic origin
    size and shape
    rate of movement
    direction of movement
  • Question 12
    120 seconds
    Q. Which type of air mass most likely has high humidity and high temperature?
    answer choices
    cP
    cT
    mT
    mP
  • Question 13
    120 seconds
    Q. An air mass entering Alaska from the northern Pacific Ocean would most likely be labeled on a weather map as
    answer choices
    cP
    cT
    mP
    mT
  • Question 14
    120 seconds
    Q. The dewpoint is 15°C. What is the wet-bulb temperature on a sling psychrometer if the dry-bulb temperature is 18°C?
    answer choices
    16°C
    2°C
    3°C
    20°C
  • Question 15
    120 seconds
    Q. If the air temperature is 20°C and the relative humidity is 58%, what is the dewpoint?
    answer choices
    5°C
    12°C
    15°C
    38°C
  • Question 16
    120 seconds
    Q. Clouds most likely form as a result of
    answer choices
    moist air rising, compressing, and warming
    moist air rising, expanding, and cooling
    dry air rising, compressing, and warming
    dry air rising, expanding, and cooling
  • Question 17
    120 seconds
    Q. In which direction do the surface winds blow around a high-pressure system in the Northern Hemisphere?
    answer choices
    clockwise and inward
    clockwise and outward
    counterclockwise and inward
    counterclockwise and outward
  • Question 18
    120 seconds
    Q. Which substance is a form of precipitation?
    answer choices
    frost
    hail
    fog
    dew
  • Question 19
    120 seconds
    Q. What type of storm front if this?
    answer choices
    Warm Front
    Cold Front
    Stationary Front
    Occluded Front
  • Question 20
    120 seconds
    Q. What type of storm front is this?
    answer choices
    Warm Front
    Cold Front
    Occluded Front
    Stationary Front
  • Question 21
    120 seconds
    Q. What type of storm front is this?
    answer choices
    Warm Front
    Cold Front
    Occluded Front
    Stationary Front
  • Question 22
    120 seconds
    Q. What direction is the cold front moving on the map? 
    answer choices
    Southwest
    Northwest
    Southeast
    Northeast
  • Question 23
    120 seconds
    Q. What direction is the warm front moving on the map? 
    answer choices
    North
    South
    East
    West
  • Question 24
    120 seconds
    Q. When two different air masses collide...
    answer choices
    A front forms
    They casually become one
    A new planet evolves
    Dinosaurs become extinct
  • Question 25
    120 seconds
    Q. Where does it rain relative to the warm front?
    answer choices
    On top of the front
    Behind the front
    Ahead of the front
  • Question 26
    30 seconds
    Q. A cold front usually brings what kind of weather?
    answer choices
    snow  
    sunny and fair
    rain and/or thunderstorms 
     cool and dry 
  • Question 27
    30 seconds
    Q. When a cold front or a warm front stays in place for several days without invading another front, it is called a ______. 
    answer choices
    stationary front 
     cold front 
    occluded front
    warm front 
  • Question 28
    180 seconds
    Q. The weather map below shows isobars labeled in millibars. Points A, B, C, and D are locations on Earth’s surface. Which location is probably experiencing the highest wind speeds?
    answer choices
    A
    B
    C
    D
  • Question 29
    180 seconds
    Q. The winds shift from southwest to northwest as heavy rains and hail begin to fall in Albany, New York. These changes are most likely caused by the arrival of 
    answer choices
    an mT air mass
    a cT air mass
    a cold front
    a warm front 
  • Question 30
    60 seconds
    Q. A dry-bulb temperature of 30°C and a wet-bulb temperature of 29°C were recorded at a weather station. What are the relative humidity and the most likely weather conditions? 
    answer choices
    Relative humidity is 29% with clear skies. 
    Relative humidity is 29% with a good chance of snow. 
    elative humidity is 93% with clear skies. 
    Relative humidity is 93% with a good chance of rain. 
  • Question 31
    60 seconds
    Q. Which sequence of events affecting moist air within Earth’s atmosphere causes cloud formation? 
    answer choices
    rising → expanding → cooling → condensation 
    rising → contracting → warming → evaporation 
    sinking → expanding → warming → condensation 
    sinking → contracting → cooling → evaporation 
  • Question 32
    60 seconds
    Q. Most tornadoes in the Northern Hemisphere are best described as violently rotating columns of air surrounded by 
    answer choices
    clockwise surface winds moving toward the columns 
    clockwise surface winds moving away from the columns 
    counterclockwise surface winds moving toward the columns 
    counterclockwise surface winds moving away from the columns 
  • Question 33
    30 seconds
    Q. Most scientists infer that increasing levels of
    carbon dioxide in Earth’s atmosphere are
    contributing to
    answer choices
    decreased thickness of the troposphere
     depletion of ozone
    increased absorption of ultraviolet radiation
    increased global temperatures
  • Question 34
    60 seconds
    Q. In which two temperature zones of the atmosphere does the temperature increase with increasing altitude?
    answer choices
    troposphere and stratosphere
    troposphere and mesosphere
    stratosphere and thermosphere
    mesosphere and thermosphere
  • Question 35
    60 seconds
    Q. Cloud formation is likely to occur in rising airbecause rising air
    answer choices
    expands and cools
    expands and warms
    contracts and warms
    contracts and cools
  • Question 36
    30 seconds
    Q. Which weather instrument is useful in measuring relative humidity?
    answer choices
    barometer
    anemometer
    psychrometer
    wind vane
  • Question 37
    30 seconds
    Q. What is the wind speed at this weather station
    answer choices
    2 knots
    10 knots
    20 knots
    25 knots
  • Question 38
    30 seconds
    Q. What is the dew point at this station?
    answer choices
    75 degrees
    61 degrees
    987 degrees
    11 degrees
  • Question 39
    120 seconds
    Q. Where is the ozone layer located?
    answer choices
    Thermosphere
    Troposphere
    Stratosphere
    Mesosphere
  • Question 40
    30 seconds
    Q. They are highest clouds in the sky. They look curly, white and feathery. Usually mean good weather.
    answer choices
    Cumulus
    Cumulonimbus
    Cirrus
    Stratus
  • Question 41
    30 seconds
    Q. What is the barometric pressure at this station?
    answer choices
    247 millibars
    924.7 millibars
    1024.7 millibars
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