Earth Science Reference Table Review
2 years ago
mtorre310
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  • Question 1
    120 seconds
    Q. How old is a bone that has 12.5% of the original amount of radioactive carbon-14 remaining?
    answer choices
    5,700 years
    11,400 years
    17,100 years
    22,800 years
  • Question 2
    120 seconds
    Q. According to the graph, what is the half-life of this isotope?
    answer choices
    100 years
    150 years
    200 years
    300 years
  • Question 3
    120 seconds
    Q. The surface temperature of which sample increased at the slowest rate?
    answer choices
    water
    basaltic sand
    copper pennies
    iron fragments
  • Question 4
    120 seconds
    Q. The average rate of temperature change, in Fahrenheit degrees per hour, between 6 a.m. and noon was
    answer choices
    6 °/h
    8 °/h
    3 °/h
    18 °/h
  • Question 5
    120 seconds
    Q. What is the density of this material?
    answer choices
    1.0 g/cm3
    5.0 g/cm3
    10.0 g/cm3
    20.0 g/cm3
  • Question 6
    120 seconds
    Q. How many joules are required to evaporate 1 gram of boiling water?
    answer choices
    4
    334
    2260
    2594
  • Question 7
    120 seconds
    Q. Which pie graph correctly shows the percentage of elements by volume in Earth's troposphere?
    answer choices
    1
    2
    3
    4
  • Question 8
    120 seconds
    Q. New York State’s Catskills are classified as which type of landscape region?
    answer choices
    mountain
    plateau
    lowland
    plain
  • Question 9
    120 seconds
    Q. The surface bedrock at which location is most likely to contain this fossil (Bothriolepis)
    answer choices
    Ithaca
    Old Forge
    Albany
    New York City
  • Question 10
    120 seconds
    Q. Which ocean current warms the climate of northwestern Europe?
    answer choices
    North Atlantic Current
    North Equatorial Current
    Canary Current
    Labrador Current
  • Question 11
    120 seconds
    Q. Which surface feature was produced by crustal movements at a transform plate boundary
    answer choices
    East African Rift
    Tasman Hot Spot
    Aleutian Trench
    San Andreas Fault
  • Question 12
    120 seconds
    Q. Which list correctly classifies each rock type?
    answer choices

    1 - Sedimentary

    2- Metamorphic

    3 - Igneous

    1 - Sedimentary

    2 - Igneous

    3 - Metamorphic

    1 - Metamorphic

    2 - Igneous

    3 - Sedimentary

    1 - Igneous

    2 - Metamorphic

    3 - Sedimentary

  • Question 13
    120 seconds
    Q. A stream flowing at a velocity of 100 centimeters per second can transport
    answer choices
    silt, but not sand, pebbles, or cobbles
    silt and sand, but not pebbles or cobbles
    silt, sand, and pebbles, but not cobbles
    silt, sand, pebbles, and cobbles
  • Question 14
    120 seconds
    Q.

    Which igneous rock is dark colored, cooled rapidly on Earth's surface, and is composed mainly of plagioclase feldspar, olivine, and pyroxene

    answer choices

    Obsidian

    Rhyolite

    Gabbro

    Scoria

  • Question 15
    120 seconds
    Q. Which sedimentary rocks are clastic and consist of particles that have diameters smaller than 0.006 centimeter?
    answer choices
    conglomerate and sandstone
    siltstone and shale
    bituminous coal and breccia
    fossil limestone and chemical limestone
  • Question 16
    120 seconds
    Q. Which process most likely formed a layer of the sedimentary rock, gypsum
    answer choices
    precipitation from seawater
    folding of clay-sized particles
    solidification of magma
    melting of sand-sized particles
  • Question 17
    120 seconds
    Q. The metamorphic rock at location A is most likely
    answer choices
    marble
    quartzite
    phyllite
    slate
  • Question 18
    120 seconds
    Q. During which geologic time period did the coal-forming forests exist?
    answer choices
    Devonian
    Quaternary
    Mississippian
    Pennsylvanian
  • Question 19
    120 seconds
    Q. Evidence indicates that 251 million years ago a mass extinction of many life-forms occurred on Earth. Which form of life became extinct at this time?
    answer choices
    Trilobites
    Dinosaurs
    Mammoths
    Eurypterids
  • Question 20
    120 seconds
    Q. Which group of organisms has the shortest record of life on Earth?
    answer choices
    eurypterids
    birds
    graptolites
    placoderm fish
  • Question 21
    120 seconds
    Q. The Palisades sill intruded as North America began the process of separating from Africa and Europe as Pangaea was breaking apart. Approximately when did these events occur?
    answer choices
    65 mya
    299 mya
    200 mya
    400 mya
  • Question 22
    120 seconds
    Q. The inferred temperature and pressure of Earth's interior at a depth of 3,000 kilometers are approximately
    answer choices
    1000°C and 0.5 million atmospheres
    5000°C and 1.5 million atmospheres
    1000°C and 1.0 million atmospheres
    5000°C and 3.0 million atmospheres
  • Question 23
    120 seconds
    Q. The distance from this seismic station to the epicenter of the earthquake is approximately
    answer choices
    1,600 km
    3,200 km
    4,400 km
    5,600 km
  • Question 24
    120 seconds
    Q. If the air temperature is 20°C and the relative humidity is 58%, what is the dewpoint?
    answer choices
    5°C
    12°C
    15°C
    38°C
  • Question 25
    120 seconds
    Q. An air temperature of 30°C is equal to
    answer choices
    –22°F
    –2°F
    74°F
    86°F
  • Question 26
    120 seconds
    Q. A barometric pressure of 1021.0 millibars is equal to how many inches of mercury?
    answer choices
    29.88
    30.15
    30.25
    30.50
  • Question 27
    120 seconds
    Q. Which weather station model shows the highest relative humidity?
    answer choices
    1
    2
    3
    4
  • Question 28
    120 seconds
    Q. Which station model represents a location that is currently receiving some form of precipitation?
    answer choices
    1
    2
    3
    4
  • Question 29
    120 seconds
    Q. The altitude of the ozone layer near the South Pole is 20 kilometers above sea level. Which temperature zone of the atmosphere contains this ozone layer?
    answer choices
    troposphere
    stratosphere
    mesosphere
    thermosphere
  • Question 30
    120 seconds
    Q. A high air-pressure, dry-climate belt is located at which Earth latitude?
    answer choices

    15° N
    30° N
    60° N
  • Question 31
    120 seconds
    Q. Compared with our Sun, the star Betelgeuse is
    answer choices
    smaller, hotter, and less luminous
    larger, hotter, and less luminous
    larger, cooler, and more luminous
    smaller, cooler, and more luminous
  • Question 32
    120 seconds
    Q. Which characteristic of the planets in our solar system increases as the distance from the Sun increases?
    answer choices
    equatorial diameter
    period of rotation
    eccentricity of orbit
    period of revolution
  • Question 33
    120 seconds
    Q. Which two characteristics do all Jovian planets have in common?
    answer choices
    small diameters and low densities
    large diameters and low densities
    small diameters and high densities
    large diameters and high densities
  • Question 34
    120 seconds
    Q. Which mineral is hard enough to scratch calcite but is not hard enough to scratch amphibole?
    answer choices
    muscovite mica
    olivine
    fluorite
    graphite
  • Question 35
    120 seconds
    Q. Which of the following elements is not found in Plagioclase Feldspar?
    answer choices
    Na
    Al
    Si
    Pb
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