Honors Biology Final Review
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  • Question 1
    30 seconds
    Q. Based on physical features, this cell is most likely a(n) ____________ cell.
    answer choices
    eukaryotic plant
    eukaryotic animal
    prokaryotic fungus
    prokaryotic bacterial
  • Question 2
    30 seconds
    Q. Translation of the DNA sequence AAGCTGGGA would result in
    answer choices
    an mRNA strand with the sequence TTCGACCCT
    an mRNA strand with the sequence UUGCACCCU
    a DNA strand with the base sequence TTCGACCCT
    a sequence of three amino acids linked by peptide bonds
  • Question 3
    30 seconds
    Q. In pigs, the allele for a wavy, rough coat (R) is dominant to the allele for a soft, fine coat (r). A rough coat boar and a soft coat sow mate. They produce several litters, 50% are rough coat and 50% are smooth coat. What were the genotypes of the parents?
    answer choices
    RR × rr
    Rr × rr
    RR × Rr
    Rr × Rr
  • Question 4
    30 seconds
    Q. Impala share the African plains with other grazing animals and predators. Which change would lead to a DECREASE in the impala population?
    answer choices
    a reduction in the lion population
    an increase in the number of other grazing animals
    an increase in restrictions on the hunting of impala
    a reduction in the populations of other impala predators
  • Question 5
    30 seconds
    Q. The snowshoe rabbit has white fur in winter and dark fur in summer. What is the main survival advantage of this fur color change to the rabbit?
    answer choices
    The light fur keeps the rabbit from getting sunburned in summer.
    The fur color is an adaptive form of camouflage to avoid predators.
    The dark fur absorbs more sunlight so the rabbit is warmer in winter.
    The white fur is more valuable to fur trappers, so the animal will be trapped and better fed in winter.
  • Question 6
    30 seconds
    Q. The diagram shows the leg bones of a (Left -> Right): Orangutan, dog, pig, cow, tapir, and horse. Most of the animals have the same bones, although some are shaped differently and placed in different positions.
    What does this suggest about mammals?
    answer choices
    That they shared a common ancestor.
    That mammals are evolving to become more and more like one another.
    That they developed their bone structure independently of one another.
    That the shape of the bones has less to do with the environment pressures on the animal, and more to do with what their relatives are.
  • Question 7
    30 seconds
    Q. Green and brown algae share many common features. Both have pigments for trapping sunlight and use photosynthesis for energy. Both store their food as sugars. Both have cell walls and plant-like bodies. However, their DNA suggests that they are not even remotely related to one another. Green algae and brown algae show __________________ evolution, since they look similar, but are not close relatives
    answer choices
    convergent
    divergent
    homologous
    vestigial
  • Question 8
    30 seconds
    Q. Darwin discovered twenty different species of finches in the Galapagos islands. He hypothesized that as new islands arose, finches colonized the islands and rapidly changed into new species, depending on what food was available on each new island. The rapid formation of many new species, as in this case, is called
    answer choices
    gradualism
    speciation
    adaptive radiation
    geographic isolation
  • Question 9
    30 seconds
    Q. The graph illustrates the activity level of three common digestive enzymes, across a range of pH values. Which enzyme is likely to be active in the acidic environment of the stomach?
    answer choices
    pepsin
    trypsin
    amylase
    none of the above
  • Question 10
    30 seconds
    Q. In the structure of DNA, which nucleotide always pairs with adenine?
    answer choices
    cytosine
    guanine
    thymine
    uracil
  • Question 11
    30 seconds
    Q. _______________, harmful or helpful, is considered to be the source for new alleles and a main contributor to the diversity of life on Earth.
    answer choices
    Mitosis
    Mutation
    Transcription
    Translation
  • Question 12
    30 seconds
    Q. The selective breeding of wild mustard has _________ _________ and produced at least four other vegetable crops.
    answer choices
    increased biodiversity
    decreased biodiversity
    maintained biodiversity
    eliminated biodiversity
  • Question 13
    30 seconds
    Q. Suppose orange beetles and green beetles live in the same environment. Green beetles are harder to see on leaves, so birds eat primarily orange beetles. According to the theory of natural selection, in the future orange beetles will
    answer choices
    move to a place without green beetles.
    decrease in population until they possibly become extinct.
    reproduce to their full potential until they increase in number
    breed with green beetles until there are no longer orange beetles.
  • Question 14
    30 seconds
    Q. At the end of meiosis II, how does the DNA in each of the four new cells compare to the DNA from the original cell?
    answer choices
    half as much and genetically the same as the original
    twice as much and genetically the same as the original
    half as much and genetically different from the original
    twice as much and genetically different from the original
  • Question 15
    30 seconds
    Q. A species of insect is newly introduced into the United States from the Philippines. This insect becomes established, laying its eggs on the leaves of oak trees. How can a biologist determine if the relationship between the insect and the oak tree is commensalism, mutualism, or parasitism?
    answer choices
    If the insect benefits, the relationship is parasitism.
    If both the insect and the tree benefit, the relationship is commensalism.
    If the insect benefits and the tree neither benefits nor is harmed, the relationship is mutualism.
    If the insect benefits and the tree neither benefits nor is harmed, the relationship is commensalism.
  • Question 16
    30 seconds
    Q. What conclusion would be MOST appropriate about the genetic variation between humans and the three apes as illustrated by the phylogenetic tree?
    answer choices
    Genetic variation between all four organisms is non-existent.
    The genetic variation between all four organisms is about the same
    The genetic variation between humans and orangutans is the greatest.
    Humans branched off from the other three animals due to great genetic variations.
  • Question 17
    30 seconds
    Q. An ecological pyramid is sometimes used to show both the flow of matter and energy in an ecosystem. The pyramid narrows as matter and energy flow from the bottom to the top. What does this pyramid tell you about the energy in this ecosystem?
    answer choices
    Energy stays the same. Only the number of living things change.
    Energy decreases from the top to the bottom as organisms are larger in size.
    Energy increases from bottom to top because the organisms get larger in size.
    Energy decreases from bottom to top because some is used at each level for life processes.
  • Question 18
    30 seconds
    Q. If you ate bacon and fried eggs for breakfast, the largest component of the energy would come from the
    answer choices
    carbohydrates
    fats
    proteins
    sugars
  • Question 19
    30 seconds
    Q. During the winter time, the total number of hours of sunlight decreases. What effect would this have on the process of photosynthesis?
    answer choices
    The rate of photosynthesis would decrease and less glucose would be produced.
    The rate of photosynthesis would increase and more glucose would be produced.
    The amount of available sunlight does not influence the rate of photosynthesis.
    It would have no effect on plants having needles instead of leaves, that stay green all year long
  • Question 20
    30 seconds
    Q. The rapid growth of the human population during the last two centuries is INDIRECTLY responsible for which environmental concern, that in turn, will lead to future species extinction?
    answer choices
    ozone depletion
    habitat fragmentation
    decreased biodiversity
    fossil fuel consumption
  • Question 21
    60 seconds
    Q. In 1967 a penicillin-resistant pneumonia, caused by Streptococcus pneumoniae and called pneumococcus, surfaced in a remote village in Papua, New Guinea. 
    At about the same time American military personnel in southeast Asia were acquiring penicillin-resistant gonorrhea from prostitutes. By 1976, when the soldiers had come home, they brought the new strain of gonorrhea with them and physicians had to find new drugs to treat it. 
    In 1983 a hospital-acquired intestinal infection caused by the bacterium Enterococcus faecium joined the list of bacteria that could not be killed by penicillin.
    Which of these BEST describes why certain bacteria have become resistant to penicillin?
    answer choices
    The penicillin in the 1970's was much weaker that the penicillin used today, thus it was not as effective.
    Penicillin was not effective in treating any bacterial diseases, so the doctors had to find new treatments.
    These new bacterial strains came out of the jungles and forests already equipped to be penicillin-resistant.
    Penicillin was so heavily prescribed by doctors that it led to certain, more fit, strains of bacteria to be able to survive.
  • Question 22
    30 seconds
    Q. Apple farmers are currently having a very difficult time with pesticide-resistant insects. These insects are no longer being killed by the current chemical treatments, thus causing a lot of damage to the apple crops. In reaction to this, researchers are developing newer and stronger chemicals to help control the bugs.
    Why are the apple farmers seeing these new, stronger bugs?
    answer choices
    The bugs were not native to the area and thus cannot be killed by normal chemicals.
    Changes in the weather have led to stronger insects that can survive these harsh changes.
    The strongest bugs were able to survive pesticides, reproduce and create more resistant pests.
    The apple trees are producing too many apples, which is allowing the insects to reproduce rapidly.
  • Question 23
    30 seconds
    Q. While working in the lab with samples of food, Rachel saw this rod-shaped organism under the microscope. With further tests, Rachel noticed that the organism was single-celled and did not contain a nucleus. Which of these did Rachel conclude was the best way to classify this organism?
    answer choices
    bacteria
    fungus
    protist
    virus
  • Question 24
    30 seconds
    Q. Proteins are composed of chains of _____________ which are joined together with peptide bonds.
    answer choices
    fatty acids
    amino acids
    nucleic acids
    monosaccharides
  • Question 25
    30 seconds
    Q. In the cell, which organelle has the function of using oxygen in the breakdown of glucose, releasing energy and carbon dioxide?
    answer choices
    ribosomes
    golgi body
    mitochondria
    endoplasmic reticulum
  • Question 26
    30 seconds
    Q. Which kingdom is composed of multicellular autotrophs?
    answer choices
    animal
    fungi
    plant
    protist
  • Question 27
    30 seconds
    Q. If stranded on a deserted island with no freshwater, it is not advisable to drink sea water. Why not?
    answer choices
    The salty snacks cause an ionic imbalance that triggers a nervous response.
    The salt in the body creates a hypertonic solution around cells, which causes water to diffuse out of cells and make them crenate.
    The salt in the body creates a hypotonic solution around cells, which causes water to diffuse into cells and make them cytolyse.
    The salt in the body creates an isotonic solution around cells, which causes water to diffuse into and out of cells which makes them unstable.
  • Question 28
    30 seconds
    Q. If one defines life as the simplest form capable of displaying the most essential attributes of a living thing, one very quickly realizes that the only real criterion for life is the ability to replicate. Only systems that contain nucleic acids are capable of this phenomenon. This sort of reasoning has led to a new definition of organism:
    An organism is the unit element of a continuous lineage with an individual evolutionary history.
    Considering the new definition of life, all but one piece evidence supports the fact that a virus must be referred to as an organism. That is:
    answer choices
    Viruses contain nucleic acids.
    Viruses are capable of replication.
    Viruses have a simple cellular structure.
    Viruses have an evolutionary history and that implies lineage.
  • Question 29
    30 seconds
    Q. Compare primary and secondary succession of an ecosystem. What is the distinction between them?
    answer choices
    Primary succession is the sequence of plants that colonize a new area, while secondary succession is the sequence of animals that move once plant life is established.
    Primary succession is the sequence of species that become established early in a newly colonized area, while secondary succession is the sequence of species that move in much later.
    Primary succession is the establishment of a new community in an existing ecosystem that was disturbed, while secondary succession is the establishment of a community in an area that was altered due to fire.
    Primary succession is the establishment of a community in an area with no soil, while secondary succession is the establishment of a new community in an existing ecosystem that was disturbed by some catastrophic event.
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