Early Modern Europe Updated
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56 QuestionsShow answers
  • Question 1
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    Q. What is this image displaying?
    answer choices
    Scientific Method
    Heliocentric Universe
    Geocentric Universe
    Paleolithic Method
  • Question 2
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    Q. This invention influenced the shift of growth of scientific ideas between 1500 and 1700.
    answer choices
    telegraph
    machine gun
    printing press
    steam power
  • Question 3
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    Q. He used Al-Battani’s (Muslim astronomer) ideas in his work on the heliocentric theory, the first in "Modern" Europe to do so.
    answer choices
    Charlemagne
    Nicolaus Copernicus
    Johann Kepler
    Kevin Bacon
  • Question 4
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    Q. Bacon, Galileo, & Newton promoted the idea that knowledge should be based on experimentation & ________.
    answer choices
    observation and empirical evidence
    church doctrine
    deconstruction models
    prior practice of previous scientists
  • Question 5
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    Q. He said that the universe could be explained by mechanical laws.
    answer choices
    Rene Descartes
    Francis Bacon
    Nicholas Copernicus
    Tony Stark
  • Question 6
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    Q. What type of math was Newton known for developing?
    answer choices
    Analytical Geometry
    Trigonometry and Signs
    Calculus
    Dewey Decimal Classification
  • Question 7
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    Q. The Catholic Church defended the views of _________, Ptolemy and other Greek philosophers because the Church felt their theories about nature supported the traditional Biblical view.
    answer choices
    Nicholas Copernicus
    Aristotle
    Julius Caesar
    John Locke
  • Question 8
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    Q. Who dissected human bodies and found multiple problems with earlier anatomical theories?
    answer choices
    Rene Descartes
    Georgio Vasari
    Andre Vesalius
    Emilie Du Chatelet
  • Question 9
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    Q. Who was brought before the Catholic Church as a heretic?
    answer choices
    Rene Descartes
    Nicholas Copernicus
    Andre Vesalius
    Galileo Galilei
  • Question 10
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    Q. What technology did Galileo improve upon to help him prove the heliocentric model?
    answer choices
    The Astrolabe
    The Compass
    The Telescope
    The Printing Press
  • Question 11
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    Q. What did Kepler add to Copernicus’ heliocentric theory?  
    answer choices
    That Jupiter had four moons
    That the planets revolved around the earth 
    That the sun was the biggest star
    That the planets move in eliptical (oval shaped) orbits around the sun
  • Question 12
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    Q. What did Francis Bacon contribute to the Scientific Revolution?
    answer choices
    the geocentric theory
    the scientific method
    the heliocentric theory
    the law of universal gravitation
  • Question 13
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    Q. Which of the following was developed by Isaac Newton?
    answer choices
    the heliocentric theory
    the scientific method
    the theory of scientifc rationalism
    the theory of universal gravitation
  • Question 14
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    Q. Which of these women was an accomplished astronomer who was denied a position at the academy due to her gender?
    answer choices
    Margaret Cavendish
    Maria Winkelmann Kirsch
    Madame Geoffrin
    Emilie Du Chatelet
  • Question 15
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    Q. Who perfected the microscope and was the first person to describe cells?
    answer choices
    Antoine Van Leeuwenhoek
    Robert Boyle
    Francis Bacon
    Galileo Galilei
  • Question 16
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    Q. Who discovered that the heart pumped the blood, and mapped the circulatory system?
    answer choices
    William Harvey
    Andre Vesalius
    Antoine Van Leeuwenhoek
    Isaac Newton
  • Question 17
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    Q. Which Enlightenment thinker first suggested the separation of powers & checks and balances in government?
    answer choices
    Voltaire
    Locke
    Rousseau
    Montesquieu
  • Question 18
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    Q. Which Enlightenment philosopher argued for freedom of religion and free speech?   
    answer choices
    Rousseau
    Locke
    Montesquiue
    Voltaire
  • Question 19
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    Q. Who wrote extensively about his belief that people were born with “natural rights” (life, liberty, property)?   
    answer choices
    John Locke
    Jean Jacques Rousseau
    Thomas Hobbes
    James Joyce
  • Question 20
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    Q. Enlightenment thinkers were also known as :
    answer choices
    Socialists
    Reformers
    Philosophes
    Radicals
  • Question 21
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    Q. When a ruler tried to apply Enlightened ideas to his or her realm it was called:
    answer choices
    Enlightened Absolutism
    Constitutional Monarchy
    Democracy
    Enlightened Monarchy
  • Question 22
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    Q. The famous economist known as the defender of free-markets, also the author of "The Wealth of Nations."
    answer choices
    Adam Smith
    John Locke
    Jean-Jacques Rousseau
    Thomas Hobbes
  • Question 23
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    Q.

    A gathering at a wealthy woman's home where people could exchange ideas and discuss philosophy, art, music, etc. was called a...

    answer choices

    rococo

    baroque

    salon

    academy

  • Question 24
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    Q. What did Mary Wollstonecraft write?
    answer choices
    A Declaration of the Rights of Woman
    Vindication of the Rights of Women
    A translation of Principia Mathmatica
    Dialogue on the Two Chief World Systems
  • Question 25
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    Q. Who created Encyclopedia, a collection of the most current and enlightened knowledge? 
    answer choices
    Franz Hayden   
    Denis Diderot
    Eugene Delacriox 
    Adam Smith 
  • Question 26
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    Q. Adam Smith's doctrine that maintains that the state should not intervene in economics, from his book Wealth of Nations, is called ______.
    answer choices
    Laissez-faire
    Socialism
    Mercantilism
    Imperialism
  • Question 27
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    Q. Who wrote about ABSOLUTE monarchs being the best form of government in his book "Leviathan?"
    answer choices
    Thomas Hobbes
    John Locke
    Jean Jacques Rousseau
    Baon de Montesquieu
  • Question 28
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    Q. Who believed in a social contract between the people and the government in which people gave up some freedom in order to have their rights protected?
    answer choices
    Voltaire
    Baron de Montesquieu
    Jean Jacques Rousseau
    Thomas Hobbes
  • Question 29
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    Q. Who believed that a person's punishment should match the seriousness of the crime?
    answer choices
    Wollstonecraft
    Rousseau
    Locke
    Beccaria
  • Question 30
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    Q. Beccaria did not support ____________.
    answer choices
    education
    establishment of government
    capital punishment
    laws to control social order
  • Question 31
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    Q. Who believed that women's education should be the same as men's?
    answer choices
    Rousseau
    Wollstonecraft
    Locke
    Hobbes
  • Question 32
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    Q. __________ is the belief that God created the world but he also created scientific processes by which the world is ran.  
    answer choices
    Darwinsim
    Deism
    Absolutism
    Socialism
  • Question 33
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    Q. John Locke and Jean Jacques Rousseau would be most likely to support
    answer choices
    a return of feudalism in Europe
    a government ruled by a divine right monarchy
    a capitalist economic system is necessary for democracy
    the power of the government is derived from the governed
  • Question 34
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    Q. Which statement best summarizes the difference between baroque and rococo art?
    answer choices
    Rococo glorifies battles, while baroque focuses on rural settings
    rococo is grand and complex, while baroque is light and charming
    baroque is grand and complex, while rococo is light and charming
    Baroque praises kings and queens, while rococo praises religious leaders
  • Question 35
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    Q. This man was the greatest composer of the Baroque period--and possibly of all time.  His death marks the end of the Baroque period.
    answer choices
    Haydn
    Vivaldi
    J.S. Bach
    Mozart
  • Question 36
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    Q. Bach, Handel, Mozart, and Haydn were all 
    answer choices
    painters
    musicians
    philosophes
    writers
  • Question 37
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    Q. Which composer from the Classical period of music was a child prodigy?
    answer choices
    Bach
    Handel
    Beethoven
    Mozart
  • Question 38
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    Q. What is one of the criteria that music of the Classical Era needed to have?
    answer choices
    It needed to be limited to one country or city
    It needed to be extremely passionate and expressive
    It needed to be technically complicated
    It needed to appeal to both rich people and middle class people
  • Question 39
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    Q. The Swing by Jean-Honore Fragonard is similar to other Rococo paintings in that it...
    answer choices
    uses tenebrism to sharply contrast dark and light
    is concerned with the classical ideals of Rome and Greece
    is innovative and experimental in painting techniques
    uses a pastel palette and fanciful content
  • Question 40
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    Q. What era of art does this piece come from?
    answer choices
    Classical
    Baroque
    Neoclassic
    Rococo
  • Question 41
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    Q. Name two very famous composers from the Classical period of music
    answer choices
    Mozart and Handel
    Bach and Beethoven
    Debussey and Chopin
    Wagner and Liszt
  • Question 42
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    Q. A Russian monarch who studied the philosphes and attempted very limited reforms...
    answer choices
    Madame Geoffrin
    Frederick the Great
    Catherine the Great
    Joseph II
  • Question 43
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    Q.

    This person saw themselves as the "first servant of the state" and was very frugal, shoring up money for later kings of Prussia

    answer choices

    Frederick the Great

    Louis XV

    Joseph II

    Catherine the Great

  • Question 44
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    Q. Which statement best describes enlightened despots of the 1700s?
    answer choices
    they allowed elected assemblies to rule their countries
    they supported censorship of Enlightenment works
    they allowed their subjects to sign social contracts
    they kept absolute power for themselves
  • Question 45
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    Q. An enlightened despot would most likely support this statement: 
    answer choices
    "I have total power, but I will use this power to improve the lives of my citizens" 
    "I am the king; who do you think you are speaking to me that way?" 
    "The economy should be driven by the invisible hand of supply and demand" 
    "Overeseas colonies are essential if we are to keep this country powerful"
  • Question 46
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    Q. One way in which the Scientific Revolution and the Enlightenment are similar is that both...
    answer choices
    led to increased power for royal families in Europe
    sought to reconcile Christian beliefs and science
    questioned traditional values and past practices
    promoted nationalistic revolutions in eastern Europe
  • Question 47
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    Q. Prussian Enlightened Despot who wanted granted freedoms of religion, reduced censorship, and improved education.
    answer choices
    Frederick II (the Great)
    Joseph II
    Catherine II (the Great)
    Maria Theresa
  • Question 48
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    Q. Austrian Enlightened Despot who introduced legal reforms, freedom of press, and supported freedom of worship.
    answer choices
    Frederick II (the Great)
    Joseph II
    Catherine II (the Great)
    Ivan IV
  • Question 49
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    Q. Where could middle class people discuss the issues of the day if they weren't invited to a person's home?
    answer choices
    Salon
    Coffee House
    Royal Academy
    Separate Spheres
  • Question 50
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    Q. Which of these was read widely by the masses as literacy rates increased dramatically?
    answer choices
    Penny Press
    Dictionaries
    Scientific Treatisies
    Laissez-Faire
  • Question 51
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    Q. What is "Tablua Rasa?"
    answer choices
    concept of the mind as a blank sheet that eventually has experiences written on it.
    The idea of religious toleration promoted by the philosophes.
    The idea that women should have different roles than men in society.
    idea that government should play as small a role as possible in economic affairs.
  • Question 52
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    Q. Which of these was the French Economic Bubble that caused financial disaster?
    answer choices
    Tulip Bubble
    Mississippi Bubble
    South Seas Bubble
    Housing Bubble
  • Question 53
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    Q. What was true of France or England's reaction to their economic bubbles?
    answer choices
    France paid their debt off and their people back
    France  immediately went through a revolution due to the bubble
    England closed their bank and stockmarket
    France closed their bank and stock market
  • Question 54
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    Q. Who had a Prime Minister because he spoke no English?
    answer choices
    George I
    Louis XV
    William and Mary
    Anne 
  • Question 55
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    Q. Which of these kings was ineffective because he partied all day and slept with mistresses?
    answer choices
    Louis XV
    Frederick II
    Joseph II
    George III
  • Question 56
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    Q. Which of these kings lost the American Revolution, losing the colonies?
    answer choices
    Louis XVI
    George III
    Frederick II
    Joseph II
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