The Reformation and Religious Wars
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  • Question 1
    30 seconds
    Q. This is a state of death according to the Roman Catholic belief in which the souls of the people who die are made pure through suffering before going to heaven. 
    answer choices
    Simony
    Nepotism
    Indulgence
    Purgatory
  • Question 2
    30 seconds
    Q. What is an indulgence?
    answer choices
    Buying and selling of spiritual offices like bishop seats
    Belief that contradicts the official teachings of the Catholic Church
    Grant by the Catholic Church that releases a person from punishment for their sins
    Something that has been touched by or a part of a saint - usually revered
  • Question 3
    30 seconds
    Q. Which one of these statements is NOT true of Martin Luther's beliefs?
    answer choices
    The Bible is the sole source of religious truth
    Faith and good works are necessary for salvation
    The Pope does not have special powers
    Clergy is allowed to marry
  • Question 4
    60 seconds
    Q. Luther was able to criticize the Roman Catholic Church and translate the Bible into German primarily because
    answer choices
    German princes protected him.
    he bought indulgences.
    he was Pope Leo's cousin.
    the Pope tolerated it.
  • Question 5
    30 seconds
    Q. Which of the following had the strongest effect on the spread of Martin Luther’s ideas found in his 95 Theses?
    answer choices
    the spread of the plague
    the discovery of the New World
    the patronage of King Henry VIII
    the invention of the printing press
  • Question 6
    30 seconds
    Q. How did Luther’s ideas contribute to the start of the Reformation?
    answer choices
    They led to the burning of the new St. Peter’s Basilica.
    They introduced the Protestant idea of buying indulgences.
    They directly challenged traditional Catholic Church teachings.
    They criticized Christians for not giving the Pope enough respect.
  • Question 7
    30 seconds
    Q. What was the result of the German Peasant's War that broke out in Luther's absence (1524-1525)?
    answer choices
    The nobility were killed and peasants reformed Germany
    The nobility rose up and slaughtered 100,000 or so German peasants
    The peasants succeeded in gaining a constitution for the Holy Roman Empire
    Emperor Charles V blamed Luther, and exiled him to the Netherlands
  • Question 8
    30 seconds
    Q. What belief did many reformers have in common?
    answer choices
    The Bible was the ultimate source of religious authority.
    The Bible should not be printed on a printing press.
    Music should not be part of religion.
    The selling of indulgences was an acceptable practice.
  • Question 9
    30 seconds
    Q. How did the publication of the Bible in German impact intellectual life in Europe?
    answer choices
    With the Bible available in the people’s native language, rates of literacy increased.
    With the Bible available in the people’s local library, business at bookstores declined.
    With the Bible available in the country’s average home, attendance at schools declined.
    With the Bible available in the country’s many universities, prejudice against scholars increased.
  • Question 10
    30 seconds
    Q. This reformation leader believed in a hard work ethic and predestination?
    answer choices
    John Calvin
    Martin Luther
    Henry VIII
    Ulrich Zwingli
  • Question 11
    120 seconds
    Q. The ____________was the treaty that ended the first phase of religious war in 1555. It determined that each prince would choose either Lutheranism or Catholicism as the religion in his territory.
    answer choices
    Peace of Augsburg
    Treaty of Utrecht
    Peace of Westphalia
    Treaty of Versailles
  • Question 12
    60 seconds
    Q. Who passed the Act of Supremacy to make themselves head of their own church?
    answer choices
    Martin Luther
    John Calvin
    Edward VI
    Henry VIII
  • Question 13
    30 seconds
    Q. What was one of the goals of the Counter-Reformation (Council of Trent)?
    answer choices
    To clarify Calvinist teachings
    To affirm the Lutheran belief in predestination
    To correct abuses/corruption in the Catholic Church
    To win people over to Anglican beliefs
  • Question 14
    30 seconds
    Q. What European monarch had personal and political reasons for splitting with the Catholic Church?
    answer choices
    King Henri IV
    Queen Elizabeth I
    Queen Isabella of Castille
    King Henry VIII
  • Question 15
    30 seconds
    Q. What do Martin Luther, John Calvin, King Henry VIII, and Ulrich Zwingli have in common?
    answer choices
    All were strong supporters of the Catholic Church.
    All became Protestant and broke with the Catholic Church.
    All were considered great artists, sculptors, and inventors of the Renaissance.
    All contributed to the reconquista in Spain.
  • Question 16
    120 seconds
    Q. How did the reformation change the power structure of Europe? 
    answer choices
    the pope became the political adviser to many European monarchs 
    eastern Europe became vulnerable to the advances of the ottomans 
    monarchies were overthrown and protestant theocracies were created 
    nobles aligned with either catholic or protestant traditions and went to war 
  • Question 17
    30 seconds
    Q. What was the name of Henry VIII's first daughter who killed Protestants and re-established Catholicism as the religion in England?
    answer choices
    Mary
    Elizabeth
    Catherine
    Anne
  • Question 18
    30 seconds
    Q. Who was Henry VIII's second daughter, who worked with Parliament and compromised between Catholics and Protestants?
    answer choices
    Mary
    Elizabeth
    Catherine 
    Anne
  • Question 19
    30 seconds
    Q. This queen tolerated dissenters (people who didn't agree with the Anglican Church), She also made the Anglican Church  the Official Church of England.
    answer choices
    Queen Victoria
    Queen Diana
    Queen Elizabeth 
    Queen Mary 
  • Question 20
    30 seconds
    Q. Why did the Pope Paul III call church leaders from all over Europe to attend the Council of Trent?
    answer choices
    To admit that sciences new ideas were correct.
    To select a new Pope to lead the church.
    To prepare for a war with the Protestants.
    To self reflect and launch a counter-reformation.
  • Question 21
    30 seconds
    Q. This is the act of giving someone a position based on who they are related to rather than how qualified they are.
    answer choices
    Simony
    Nepotism
    Indulgence
    Purgatory
  • Question 22
    30 seconds
    Q. A French protestant was called a:
    answer choices
    Huguenot
    Lutherite
    Orthodox
    Angelican
  • Question 23
    60 seconds
    Q. Which of the following was a result of the Peace of Westphalia?
    answer choices
    State borders were returned to the way they were before the Thirty Years' War.
    Sweden, France, and their allies gained new territories.
    Catholicism was mandated as the official religion of all states.
    Germany's power was restored.
  • Question 24
    60 seconds
    Q. The Edict of Nantes settled civil war in
    answer choices
    Spain between heretics and Charles V.
    England between Elizabeth I and Mary I.
    France between Catholics and Protestants.
    the Spanish Netherlands between the Netherlands and Belgium.
  • Question 25
    180 seconds
    Q. Phillip II of Spain sent a fleet of warships called an _________ to invade England in 1588.
    answer choices
    East Wind
    Kamikaze
    Alaska
    Armada
  • Question 26
    180 seconds
    Q. What did the Edict of Nantes in 1598 France do, besides declaring France to be officially Catholic?
    answer choices
    French Huguenots were forced to convert to Catholicism.
    French Huguenots were gained the right to leave France and move to America.
    French Huguenots gained the right to worship and hold political office.
    France declared war against Russia.
  • Question 27
    180 seconds
    Q. When & where was the Thirty Years’ War fought?
    answer choices
    1588-1648, in France.
    1618-1648, in the Holy Roman Empire (Germany).
    1939-1945, in Europe, North Africa, & East Asia.
    1775-1781, in British North America.
  • Question 28
    180 seconds
    Q. How did the Peace of Westphalia impact the Holy Roman Empire?
    answer choices
    All German states could determine their own religion
    Ended the Thirty Years’ War
    Ended the Holy Roman Empire by making its states independent
    ALL of the above
  • Question 29
    30 seconds
    Q. Why did France enter the Thirty Years War?
    answer choices
    To defend Catholicism
    To spread democracy
    To push back the Islamic Ottoman Empire
    To increase its own power and weaken the Habsburgs
  • Question 30
    20 seconds
    Q. The war between Protestants and Catholics that killed 1/3 of Germany's population.
    answer choices
    Hundred Years War
    Thirty Years War
    Seven Years War
    St. Bartholomew's Day Massacre
  • Question 31
    20 seconds
    Q. Which family ruled the Holy Roman Empire, the Netherlands, and Spain?
    answer choices
    the Habsburgs
    the Hohenzollerns
    the Tudors
    the Stuarts
  • Question 32
    20 seconds
    Q. She was the last queen of the Tudor Dynasty
    answer choices
    Mary I
    Elizabeth I
    Mary Queen of Scots
    Maria Theresa
  • Question 33
    30 seconds
    Q. What was the event that started the 30 years war?
    answer choices
    Charles V leaving his throne in Spain
    The defeat of the Spanish Armada
    The Defenestration of Prague 
    The English Civil War
  • Question 34
    30 seconds
    Q. Why did Elizabeth never marry an English nobleman?
    answer choices
    she was married to her country
    she did not see the use in marriage
    she wanted to prove she could run the country by herself as a woman
    it would have started a civil war
  • Question 35
    30 seconds
    Q. The English monarch who defeated the Spanish Armada in 1588:
    answer choices
    Henry VIII
    Edward IV
    Mary I
    Elizabeth I
  • Question 36
    30 seconds
    Q. Which of Henry's wives was granted a cordial divorce that included 30,000 pounds and 5 palaces?
    answer choices
    Jane Seymour
    Katherine Parr
    Catherine of Aragon
    Anne of Cleves
  • Question 37
    30 seconds
    Q. How does Mary Tudor earn her title "Bloody Mary?"
    answer choices
    She killed her father for revenge
    She burned 300 Protestants
    By looking in the mirror and saying her name three times
    She killed 300 Spainiards for invading England
  • Question 38
    30 seconds
    Q. The Stuarts (James I) came to power in England because
    answer choices
    Elizabeth I died childless and with no Tudor heir.
    they invaded from Scotland and killed the Tudors.
    the Tudors fled England.
    Elizabeth I married into the Stuart dynasty.
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