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In 509 B.C. what form of government in which citizens elect their own leaders did Romans choose over the Etruscan monarchy?
The Council of Plebs elected what officials to make sure the plebeians' concerns were brought to the government's attention?
Rome's important legislative or law-making body of 300 Patrician men who served for life
House of Representatives
Who were the legislative body of patricians that elected consuls, praetors, and passed laws?
Assembly of Centuries
Why did the Plebeians think they should have the power to govern like the Patricians and went on strike to get those rights?
They fought in the army and paid taxes
They fought in the army and built temples
They worshipped the gods and paid taxes
They fought in the army and worked at the Forum
What were the first written code of laws that Plebeians demanded be put into writing so judges would have to follow them?
The Twelve Tables
The Ten Commandments
The Eightfold Path
What was it called when Roman leaders offered cheap food and free entertainment to the poor to prevent revolts?
Fun and Games
Bread and Circuses
Chariot Racing and Gladiator Fighting
Circus Maximus and Colosseum
What ended the Republic and brought the army into politics?
Loss of small farms
Enslaved labor on large farming estates
Poverty and corruption
All of the above
By expanding the empire and reorganizing the military and government to make it safe and strong, Caesar Augustus created a new era of peace that lasted 200 years called
Age of Prosperity
Who was the first emperor who said, "I found Rome a city of brick and left it a city of marble?"
Because Julius Caesar defied the Senate by refusing to give up his army and greatly risked starting a civil war, what phrase is used today when a person makes a decision that cannot be undone?
"Crossing the Mediterranean"
"A Bridge Too Far"
"Crossing the Rubicon"
"The Ides of March"
Augustus, Julius Caesar's grand-nephew, was once called