Western Civilization: Rome Review
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  • Question 1
    30 seconds
    Q. When the last Tarquinian (Etruscan) king was overthrown by the Romans, which type of government did they establish?
    answer choices
    monarchy
    republic
    democracy
    theocracy
  • Question 2
    30 seconds
    Q. In times of crisis, what did the Roman Republic do differently?
    answer choices
    They elected new Senate members who took full control of the government.
    They allowed the army to run the country.
    They selected a dictator to rule with absolute power for a short time.
    They elected a king to permanently take control.
  • Question 3
    30 seconds
    Q. What does a person’s “civic duty” require them to do?
    answer choices
    run for public office
    participate in their government
    trade only with local merchants
    travel spreading the teachings of Christianity
  • Question 4
    30 seconds
    Q. The nobles (rich powerful people) in Roman society were called -
    answer choices
    Latins
    tribunes
    plebeians
    patricians
  • Question 5
    30 seconds
    Q. The common people (NOT nobles) in Roman society were called -
    answer choices
    patricians
    plebeians
    senators
    consuls
  • Question 6
    30 seconds
    Q. Rome's first code of laws was called
    answer choices
    Empire's Bronze Laws
    Law of Nations
    Law of Twelve Tables
    Tribune's Law
  • Question 7
    30 seconds
    Q. The Pax Romana was
    answer choices
    A program to give land to the poor
    A period of Civil Unrest, riots, & wars
    Period of peace and prosperity for Roman citizens
    The leader of the senate
  • Question 8
    30 seconds
    Q. A modern soccer stadium is similar to which Roman accomplishment?
    answer choices
    Pont du Gard
    The Colosseum
    Basilica of Constantine
    The Pantheon
  • Question 9
    30 seconds
    Q. Julius Caesar's enemies assassinated him because 
    answer choices
    they were angry with him because of his military failures in Gaul.
    they were opposed to his expansion into other lands.
    they feared he planned to make himself king and lessen the power of the Senate.
    they were fearful he would resign.
  • Question 10
    30 seconds
    Q.

    Who were the two main characters in the story that tells the beginnings of Rome?

    answer choices

    Romulus & Remus

    Zeus & Hera

    Julius Caesar and Augustus Caesar

    Bill & Ted

  • Question 11
    30 seconds
    Q. Who could hold political office in early Rome?
    answer choices
    any citizen
    women
    only plebeians
    only patricians
  • Question 12
    30 seconds
    Q.

    All of the following were accomplishments of Rome EXCEPT

    answer choices

    Better and more advanced aqueducts

    An improved arch, which facilitated the building of a lot of structures

    Concrete, which allowed people to build underwater

    The concept of zero and advanced algebra

  • Question 13
    30 seconds
    Q. Who traveled through the Alps with battle elephants?
    answer choices
    Pyrrhus
    Augustus
    Scipio
    Hannibal
  • Question 14
    30 seconds
    Q. Roman roads were built primarily in order to allow...
    answer choices
    senators to get to the Senate.
    Rome’s armies to travel through the empire.
    merchants to travel safely.
    slaves to travel into the countryside.
  • Question 15
    30 seconds
    Q. What material did the Romans invent that helped their structures last?
    answer choices
    volcanic rock
    asphalt
    cement
    lime
  • Question 16
    30 seconds
    Q. How did Constantine affect Christianity?
    answer choices
    He made Christianity legal in 313 AD
    He placed even more bans on the religion.
    He persecuted Christians in the Colosseum.
    He moved the capital of Rome to the Eastern Empire.
  • Question 17
    30 seconds
    Q. Which emperor is responsible for dividing the Empire, and why?
    answer choices
    Diocletian, because he thought it was too large for one man to control
    Theodosius, because he wanted to separate pagans from Christians
    Nero, because he wanted to kill all of the barbarians on the frontier
    Augustus, because he needed to distance himself from Constantine
  • Question 18
    30 seconds
    Q. Who moved the capital from Rome to Byzantium?
    answer choices
    Augustus 
    Nero
    Constantine 
    Caesar 
  • Question 19
    30 seconds
    Q. What role did the "Rape of Lucretia" play in the founding of Rome?
    answer choices
    It's the reason for the change to a republic
    It's the story of why Rome had to kidnap women from another tribe
    It's the foundational story of how two brothers founded the Roman Kingdom
    It's a story of how Etruscan Kings caused Rome to Rise.
  • Question 20
    30 seconds
    Q. What was the Struggle of the Orders?
    answer choices
    A collection of laws written on twelve bronze tables
    A great social conflict that developed between patricians and plebeians
    The struggle for women to gain rights during the republic phase
    The civil war between Caesar and Pompey
  • Question 21
    30 seconds
    Q. Who was Livy?
    answer choices
    Historian who wrote the History of Rome
    The author of the Aenid
    The author of Satires
    A famous poet who wrote poetry of Augustus' age
  • Question 22
    30 seconds
    Q. What is the census?
    answer choices
    the name for the cheaply built Roman apartments constructed of concrete with wooden beam floors
    the name for the Great Sewer that carried waste out of the city
    the edict that made the cult of Isis an official religion of Rome
    The name for the survey Rome took to know who its citizens were
  • Question 23
    30 seconds
    Q. Most popular philosophy in Ancient Rome?
    answer choices
    Stoicism
    Epicureanism
    Aristotelianism
    Legionairre
  • Question 24
    30 seconds
    Q. Why was it significant that Rome won the Punic Wars?
    answer choices
    They then had control of the Mediterranean
    They were able to gain the land to give to soldiers
    They were able to take over Egypt
    After their victory, they were too large, and began to collapse
  • Question 25
    30 seconds
    Q. Which of these was a slave revolt that caused chaos in Rome until it was put down.
    answer choices
    Spartacus
    Marius
    Pompey
    Crassus
  • Question 26
    30 seconds
    Q. Who were "coloni?"
    answer choices
    Poor farmers gave their labor in return for small plots of land
    historians who went to the tribes on the frontiers to write their stories
    the followers of Jesus
    The name for the Visigoths who stormed into the empire
  • Question 27
    30 seconds
    Q. Followers believe that Jesus was the .....
    answer choices
    father of god
    regular person
    peasant 
    son of god
  • Question 28
    30 seconds
    Q. What is the term for the cultural mixing of both ancient Greek and ancient Roman traditions?
    answer choices
    Romanization
    Greco-Roman
    Gentilization
    Christianity
  • Question 29
    30 seconds
    Q. How did Paul's work help to spread Christianity?
    answer choices
    He threatened people so they would believe in Jesus
    People loved him
    All of these answers are wrong
    He declared Christianity open to all converts, even non-Jews
  • Question 30
    30 seconds
    Q. According to Christians, what happened to Jesus after the Crucifixion? 
    answer choices
    Rose from the Dead
    Walked on water
    Was Reincarnated
    Preached and Taught
  • Question 31
    30 seconds
    Q. What is The Bible?
    answer choices
    A story about early Greek settlers in Italy.
    An epic poem about the wars between Rome and Carthage.
    A myth telling how Remus and Romulus founded Rome.
    A holy book containing the history and stories of the Christian religion.
  • Question 32
    30 seconds
    Q.

    Why were Christians considered a threat to Rome?

    answer choices

    the number of followers grew rapidly

    their beliefs of mercy and love went against Stoicism and manliness

    they wouldn't admit that the emperor was a god

    all of the above

  • Question 33
    30 seconds
    Q. Which of these is NOT a cause of Rome's fall?
    answer choices
    Barbarian invasions
    Moral decay
    Christianity
    Increasing role of Women
  • Question 34
    30 seconds
    Q. The first emperor of Rome was ____.
    answer choices
    Augustus
    Tiberius
    Romulus
    Julius Caesar
  • Question 35
    30 seconds
    Q. ____ was emperor when Mount Vesuvius erupted. 
    answer choices
    Domitian
    Titus
    Vespasian
    Hadrian
  • Question 36
    30 seconds
    Q.

    This emperor is known for building a wall in Britain as well as a domed building called the Pantheon.

    answer choices

    Augustus

    Hadrian

    Titus

    Claudius

  • Question 37
    30 seconds
    Q. Nero suspiciously blamed the ____ for the Great Fire.
    answer choices
    Flavians
    Christians
    Druids
    the Republicans 
  • Question 38
    30 seconds
    Q. Which group most heavily influenced Roman art and architecture?
    answer choices
    Babylonians
    Greeks
    Egyptians
    Persians
  • Question 39
    30 seconds
    Q. Tiberius and Gaius Gracchus attempted to help the landless poor by
    answer choices
    allowing them to join the Roman army.
    giving them work on large farms owned by the wealthy.
    taking back land from large landowners.
    fostering a slave rebellion known as the Spartacus Revolt
  • Question 40
    30 seconds
    Q.

    Which of the following contributed to Rome's expansion?

    answer choices

    they were extremely good at naval battles

    Greek architecture was diffused into Rome

    Rome's military structure of their foot soldiers

    They blew up mountain ranges with dynamite

  • Question 41
    30 seconds
    Q. The Twelve Tables were
    answer choices
    laws written for non-Romans.
    Rome's first system of law.
    where the Roman senate met.
    the twelve orders of Roman people.
  • Question 42
    30 seconds
    Q. With whom did Rome trade for silk goods?
    answer choices
    China
    India
    Greece
    Carthage
  • Question 43
    30 seconds
    Q. Which of the following describes the role of the paterfamilias?
    answer choices
    leader of the senate
    protector of the emperor
    male head of the household
    heir to the Roman Empire
  • Question 44
    30 seconds
    Q.

    Augustus changed Roman law, such that

    answer choices

    the army was no longer controlled by the emperor.

    the emperor had direct control over political appointments.

    non-Romans could serve as legionnaires.

    plebeians could serve in the senate.

  • Question 45
    30 seconds
    Q. How did the civil war between Caesar and Pompey end?
    answer choices
    Pompey was assassinated by senators.
    Caesar defeated Pompey and was named dictator
    Caesar was assassinated by Pompey.
    Antony and Cleopatra were named rulers of Rome.
  • Question 46
    30 seconds
    Q. What sparked the First Punic War?
    answer choices
    the Battle of Zama in 202 B.C.
    Rome's invasion of Sicily
    Hannibal's crossing of the Alps
    Cato's fiery speeches
  • Question 47
    30 seconds
    Q. The impoverished Romans who lived in the capital city often resided in
    answer choices
    Circus Maximus, which provided shelter.
    insulae, which were prone to fire and collapse.
    large public buildings constructed by the emperor.
    villas, which were ancient and poorly heated.
  • Question 48
    30 seconds
    Q. The Augustan Age is generally considered
    answer choices
    a low point for Roman art.
    a time of war and insecurity.
    the golden age of Latin literature.
    the height of the Roman Republic.
  • Question 49
    30 seconds
    Q. Which of the following is true of upper-class Roman women in the Early Empire?
    answer choices
    They were often sold into slavery by their husbands.
    They were not permitted to seek a divorce.
    They were considered equals to men.
    They had the ability to own and inherit property.
  • Question 50
    30 seconds
    Q. What was one effect of the Etruscan influence?
    answer choices
    Romans began to reject outside cultural influences.
    Romans were brutally repressed for centuries.
    The Etruscans borrowed Roman styles of dress.
    Rome was transformed from a village into a city.
  • Question 51
    30 seconds
    Q.

    What did Carthage use this for?

    answer choices

    It was a harbor used to house military and trade boats

    It was a high city wall meant to protect the people from invasion

    It was their great palace for the Queen, Dido and her family

    It was a weapon that allowed Carthage to defeat Rome

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