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  • Question 1
    120 seconds
    Q. The Thirteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution affected the lives of millions of African Americans by —
    answer choices
    A. providing them with voting rights
    B. guaranteeing their freedom of speech
    C. providing them with access to the court system
    D. guaranteeing their permanent freedom from slavery
  • Question 2
    120 seconds
    Q. As a result of the Oregon Treaty, the United States achieved its goal of —
    answer choices
    F. expanding westward to the Pacific Ocean
    G. acquiring land for a southwestern railroad
    H. reserving western territory for American Indians
    J. securing the southern border of the country
  • Question 3
    120 seconds
    Q. Why did the Anti-Federalists demand that a bill of rights be added to the U.S. Constitution?
    answer choices
    A. To strengthen the authority of the federal government
    B. To improve the organization of the judiciary 
    C. To give each state an equal amount of power
    D. To protect individual freedoms from the federal government
  • Question 4
    120 seconds
    Q. U.S. Secretary of War Jefferson Davis had sent Gadsden to negotiate with Santa Anna for the land. Davis valued it, as others did, as the perfect tract for the construction of the southern transcontinental railroad. The railroad line would connect western territories to the east and north, greatly increasing the accessibility of these new lands. —“America’s Story,” Library of Congress, (accessed November 12, 2009)
    According to the excerpt above, the Gadsden Purchase was intended to —
    answer choices
    F.  support settlement of U.S. territory gained through the U.S.-Mexican War
    G. encourage commerce among U.S. states formed from the Louisiana Purchase
    H. allow the United States and Mexico to share railroad construction costs
    J. encourage the sale of U.S. government land in Florida
  • Question 5
    120 seconds
    Q. It is essential to the freedom and security of a free people, that no taxes be imposed upon them but by their own consent, or their representatives. —The Sons of Liberty, address to the public, New York, December 15, 1773 8
    The excerpt above reflects the dissatisfaction of American colonists with the —
    answer choices
    F. political debates that took place at the Albany Convention
    G. interference of Great Britain in the slave trade
    H. economic consequences of the Great Awakening
    J. economic policies imposed by Great Britain following the French and Indian War
  • Question 6
    120 seconds
    Q. I consider, then, the power to annul a law of the United States, assumed by one state, incompatible with the existence of the Union, contradicted expressly by the letter of the Constitution . . . —Proclamation, President Andrew Jackson 9
    The proclamation excerpted above was issued during which of these historical events?
    answer choices
    A. Shay's Rebellion
    B. The War of 1812
    C. Nullification Crisis
    D. The Civil War 
  • Question 7
    120 seconds
    Q. Why did the economies of western territories develop so differently from the economies of the Northeast and South?
    answer choices
    F.  Western territories had limited land and a large immigrant population.
    G. Western territories had natural harbors and many navigable rivers.
    H. Western territories had rocky soil and a large supply of slave labor
    J. Western territories had inexpensive land and abundant natural resources.
  • Question 8
    120 seconds
    Q. America may boast that she has accomplished what no power before her ever did, contending with Britain—Captured two of their celebrated Generals and each an Army of thousands of veteran Troops to support them. —Abigail Adams, letter to John Adams, December 9, 1781
    To which of the following is Abigail Adams referring in this excerpt?
    answer choices
    A. The American victory at the Battle of Yorktown
    B. The negotiation of the Treaty of Paris by American diplomats
    C. The bravery of American soldiers at Valley Forge
    D. The arrival of French aid after the Battle of Saratoga
  • Question 9
    120 seconds
    Q. Which of these best summarizes the Monroe Doctrine?
    answer choices
    F. The immigration of Europeans to the United States must be discouraged.
    G. International peace can be maintained without complicated alliances.
    H. The power to nullify federal laws is necessary to preserve sovereignty.
    J. Further colonization of the Americas by European countries is prohibited.
  • Question 10
    120 seconds
    Q. Finally, in the summer of 1842, after seven years of desperate warfare, an agreement was reached with the few hundred remaining Seminoles, allowing them to live in southwest Florida. —John and Mary Lou Missall, A Short History of the Seminole Wars, 2006
    What led to the conflict referred to in this excerpt?
    answer choices
    A. The passage of the Dawes Act 
    B. The Louisiana Purchase
    C. The adoption of Indian removal policies
    D. The Battle of Tippecanoe
  • Question 11
    120 seconds
    Q. The Second Great Awakening was a movement that promoted —
    answer choices
    F. spiritual revival and the need for social reform
    G. the use of reason and scientific theory
    H. states’ rights and governmental reform
    J. mercantilism and the development of global trade
  • Question 12
    120 seconds
    Q. John Marshall
    • Promoted the public good
    • Maintained a strong sense of duty
    • Used clear language to discuss complex issues
    Which action should be added to this list?
    answer choices
    A. Upheld the doctrine of states’ rights
    B. Supported the popular election of Supreme Court justices
    C. Allowed slavery to extend into western territories
    D. Wrote the Supreme Court decision that established the principle of judicial review
  • Question 13
    120 seconds
    Q. With which of the following arguments would the authors of The Federalist Papers most likely have agreed?
    answer choices
    F. A bill of rights should be included in the Constitution before it is ratified.
    G. Having a stronger central government will make the country more stable and prosperous.
    H. The Three-Fifths Compromise will result in fair and equal representation.
    J. Universal suffrage should be constitutionally guaranteed.
  • Question 14
    120 seconds
    Q. He has refused his Assent to Laws, the most wholesome and necessary for the public good. —Declaration of Independence, 1776
    Which provision of the U.S. Constitution reflects this grievance?
    answer choices
    F. The president can appoint justices with the advice and consent of the Senate.
    G. Congress has the power to establish federal courts.
    H. The commerce clause allows Congress to regulate trade among the states.
    J. Congress can override a presidential veto with a two-thirds majority vote in both houses.
  • Question 15
    120 seconds
    Q. Which statement best describes a result of industrialization in the United States during the mid-nineteenth century?
    answer choices
    A. People moved to cities in search of economic opportunity.
    B. Farmers began to cultivate land west of the Appalachian Mountains.
    C. Native peoples were forcibly relocated to western territories.
    D. Government officials began to promote the idea of Manifest Destiny.
  • Question 16
    120 seconds
    Q. The election of Hiram Rhodes Revels in 1870 was significant because he was the first African American to —
    answer choices
    F.  win an election as a member of the Democratic Party
    G. win a majority of the popular vote in Mississippi
    H. serve as a member of the U.S. Senate
    J. run for public office in the South
  • Question 17
    120 seconds
    Q. - Bonds and currency with little to no value
    - Bank failures and bankrupt businesses
    - Destroyed railroads, farms, and homes
    - High food prices and widespread crop failures
    This list describes conditions found in —
    answer choices
    A. California following the Gold Rush
    B. Washington, D.C., during the War of 1812
    C. western territories after the U.S.-Mexican War
    D. southern states at the beginning of Reconstruction
  • Question 18
    120 seconds
    Q. Unalienable Rights
    • Life
    • Liberty
    • Pursuit of happiness 
    The rights listed above were —
    answer choices
    F. established by a series of Supreme Court decisions
    G. defined by Thomas Jefferson in the Declaration of Independence
    H. established by the ratification of the U.S. Constitution
    J. defined by President George Washington in his Farewell Address
  • Question 19
    120 seconds
    Q. How did the War of 1812 affect the U.S. economy?
    answer choices
    A. The use of federal paper currency increased.
    B. Agricultural imports increased.
    C. Imports of raw materials increased.
    D. Manufacturing increased.
  • Question 20
    120 seconds
    Q. What was one major effect of the Erie Canal on the United States in the early nineteenth century?
    answer choices
    F. The rapid growth of cities in the Northeast
    G. A rise in cotton exports to the United Kingdom
    H. An increase in the cost of shipping goods to Europe
    J. A decrease in trade between settlers and American Indians
  • Question 21
    120 seconds
    Q. In 1832 the Supreme Court ruled that Georgia did not have legal authority over the Cherokees living in the state. President Andrew Jackson responded to this decision by —
    answer choices
    A. filing another petition against the Cherokee Nation
    B. B ignoring the ruling and allowing Georgia to evict the Cherokee Nation
    C. ordering state officials in Georgia to negotiate with the Cherokee Nation
    D. asking Congress to pay reparations to the Cherokee Nation
  • Question 22
    120 seconds
    Q. From 1690 to 1760, Parliament and the king of England allowed colonists in America to exercise a great deal of control over local and regional matters. Historians have described this practice as “salutary neglect.”
    Which of the following happened as a direct result of this policy?
    answer choices
    A. The colonies developed a strong tradition of self-government.
    B. Many proprietary colonies were converted to royal colonies.
    C. The colonies refused to participate in a system of common defense.
    D. Many colonies sought economic aid from other countries.
  • Question 23
    180 seconds
    Q. The Northwest Ordinance is considered a historical milestone because it —
    answer choices
    F. more than doubled the size of the United States
    G. established a method for admitting new states to the Union
    H. encouraged state legislatures to ratify the Constitution
    J. roposed treaties with American Indians to allow the peaceful settlement of new territories
  • Question 24
    120 seconds
    Q. The New York City riots of 1863 were partly a result of —
    answer choices
    A. the economic uncertainty faced by the working class
    B. strong local opposition to federal taxes
    C. housing shortages affecting recent immigrants
    D. the meager wages paid to military recruits
  • Question 25
    120 seconds
    Q. One advantage the Confederacy had over the Union during the Civil War was that Confederate forces had —
    answer choices
    F. numerous factories for producing weapons and ammunition
    G. a larger number of military troops in reserve
    H. an extensive railroad system for moving troops and supplies
    J. knowledge of the terrain where most battles were fought
  • Question 26
    120 seconds
    Q. The Compromise of 1850 allowed certain territories to use popular sovereignty to determine whether the territory would be free or slave. This decision applied to much of the land gained from the —
    answer choices
    F. Revolutionary War
    G. War of 1812
    H. U.S.-Mexican War
    J. Civil War
  • Question 27
    120 seconds
    Q. We have only to look about us in this great city, to observe the traces of the deadly influence of intemperance. Everywhere, we face crime, disease and death, all testify to the necessity of the prosecution of the cause, of steadfast and unwavering effort and prompt action to lead to complete success.
    —Charles C. Burleigh, address to the Whole World’s Temperance Convention, 1853
    The speaker quoted above was a supporter of the movement to —
    answer choices
    A. end the international slave trade
    B. establish strict limits on immigration
    C. expose corruption in the federal government
    D. discourage the consumption of alcoholic beverages
  • Question 28
    120 seconds
    Q. Which headline provides the best example of a First Amendment guarantee in action?
    answer choices
    F. “Religious University Forced to Close by State”
    G. “Mormons Hold State Convention Downtown”
    H. “Congress Declares a National Day of Remembrance”
    J. “Protesters Arrested at Antiwar Rally”
  • Question 29
    120 seconds
    Q. Which pull factor accounted for much of Chinese immigration to the United States in the mid-1800s?
    answer choices
    A. An opportunity for free land in the Midwest
    B. The prospect of religious freedom
    C. An economic boom in the West
    D. The possibility of a free education
  • Question 30
    120 seconds
    Q. 1. Eli Whitney obtains a patent for the cotton gin.
    2. Raw cotton becomes easier to process.
    3. Cotton production increases.
    4. ?
    Which of these best completes the fourth space?
    answer choices
    F. The demand for slaves increases in the South.
    G. More textile factories are established in the South.
    H. The number of European immigrants arriving at southern port cities increases.
    J. More tobacco and food crops are cultivated on southern plantations.
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