by Mameh Bockarie
What is Primary Care?
Who is involved in Primary Care?
What is involved in Primary Care?
*How does it link to Secondary Care?
What are the Advantages of Primary Care?
What are the Disadvantages of Primary Care?
What comes to mind when you think of primary care?
The 'Front door' to the NHS
Primary Care is the first point of contact that most people have to our healthcare system.
The aim is to provide care that is easily assessable to all individuals.
In primary care, the care of the individual overall is focused on more than attending to specialised issues and diseases.
Professionals working in primary care are generalists, they deal with a wide range of biopsychosocial problems with patients and play an important role in advocating for patients with co-morbidities; providing more holistic and compromising approaches to health.
Continuity of Care
Care is very much on a 'cradle to grave' basis. Professionals have the responsibility to aid to a specific patient over an extended period of time; which means that relationships between professionals and patients are essential. Treating common illnesses, managing long-term and chronic illnesses and promoting the prevention of ill-health are key duties in primary care.
Who are NOT a part of the Primary care MDT?
General Practice Nursing
Allied Health Professionals
Primary Care Networks
What is an Example of a Primary Care service?
Includes: General Practitioners, General Practice Nurses, Healthcare Assistants, Physiotherapists, Physician Associates, Podiatrists etc.
First Point of contact for physical and mental health needs.
Includes: Clinical pharmacists, Pharmacy Assistant, Pharmacy technician.
First point of contact for medications, therapies and general health advice.
Includes: Optometrists, Dispensing Opticians, Optical Assistants etc.
First point of contact for issues around eye health and eye care.
Includes: Dentists, Dental Nurses, Dental Hygienist, Dental Technician etc.
First point of contact for oral health issues and oral care.
Primary Care is the first point of contact into the healthcare system for many individuals, focusing on more generalised approaches to care.
Secondary Care involves more specialised care services that set to deal with much more specific issues; primary care services play a huge role in referring patients with specific health problems to secondary care specialists that focus on these problems. This creates a huge interface between primary and secondary care.
Effective communication and cooperation between Primary and secondary care professionals is key to providing a good quality of care to individuals.
What percentage of patient interactions occur in primary care?
Overall, the UK population is ageing. While average life expectancy increases, average healthy life expectancy is not keeping pace; and practitioners, increasingly, have to manage the care of individuals who present with co-morbid illnesses and chronic diseases. Not to mention, the trend in burden of disease in the UK has become more related to lifestyle/environmental diseases; as Ischaemic heart disease, lung cancer, stoke and COPD remain the leading common causes of death in the UK. The role of primary care is essential now more than ever.
Key Advantages of Primary Care:
- Continuity of Care
- Holistic Care w/ good communication
- Community Care + ease of access
- Early access, interaction and detection
- Health Promotion and Intervention
What % of the NHS Budget is Spent on Primary Care?
What is the cost of an average 9-minute GP consultation ?
Since 2015, the number of fully qualified (FTE) GPs have fallen by:
What is the ratio of fully qualified GPs per 1000 patients?
Compared to August 2019, the overall appointment count for August 2021 was:
Two Million Higher
Two Million Lower
Three Million Lower
*Challenges to Primary Care:
-Less early detection, diagnosis and treatment of long term conditions due to the pandemic
-Historically low funding
- Increasing bureaucracy, workload and long hours: leading to burnout