Neolithic Revolution & Early Civilizations
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The Neolithic Revolution & Early Civilizations

Let's review what we learned together during our 1st class.


What is the main reason the Neolithic Revolution is considered a turning point in world history?

answer choices

Fire was used as a source of energy for the first time.

Spoken language was used to improve communication.

Domestication of animals and cultivation of crops led to settled communities.

Stone tools and weapons were first developed.

Brief Timeline of Humanity


The farming communities that grew into cities were able to support their growing populations because they had - 

answer choices

occasional food shortages and easy access to hunting. 

high crop yields that produced a food surplus. 

strong religious beliefs to unite the people.

strong trade networks. 


Which 2 challenges would growing communities have faced during the Neolithic Revolution as they settled into permanent homes?

answer choices

Conflict between growing groups citizens & crime within growing city.

Poor protection from animal predators.

Improved access to food & permanent housing.

Sanitation & health problems from people living, eating, using the restroom in a shared space.


Based on the map, which geographic feature most influenced where the first civilizations developed?

answer choices



ocean access

mountain ranges


Name 1-2 things that rivers would provide for growing cities.


In order to increase farmable land and crop yields, all of the river valley civilizations developed ___ to redirect water to their fields.

Hint: sprinklers; starts with an "i"


What do you think of when hear the word "civilization?"

Share 2-3 things that come to mind.


​the stage of human social and cultural

development and organization

that is considered most advanced


Do you think that ancient civilizations were more advanced than the nomadic hunter-gatherers?  Are people alive today more advanced than the nomadic hunter-gatherers were?

no correct answer




What kinds of things would an archaeologist look for in order to identify a "civilization?"

Name 1-2 things you think ALL "civilizations" have in common.

​Margaret Mead on Civilization

  • ​Mead was a cultural anthropologist prominent during the 1960s & 1970s

  • she studied the peoples of Oceania

  • developed the theory of imprinting, the idea that children learn by watching adult behavior

​A student once asked anthropologist Margaret Mead, “What is the earliest sign of civilization?”

  • The student expected her to say a clay pot, a grinding stone, or maybe a weapon. Margaret Mead thought for a moment, then she said, “A healed femur.”

  • A femur is the longest bone in the body, linking hip to knee. In societies without the benefits of modern medicine, it takes about six weeks of rest for a fractured femur to heal.

  • A healed femur shows that someone cared for the injured person, did their hunting and gathering, stayed with them, and offered physical protection and human companionship until the injury could mend.

  • "Where the law of the jungle — the survival of the fittest — rules, no healed femurs are found. The first sign of civilization is compassion, seen in a healed femur.

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