-AR Preterite verbs
Here are the preterite endings for -AR verbs. We can attach these endings to the "stem" of the verb.
Hablar = to speak
Cantar = to sing
Dibujar = to draw
Cenar = to have dinner
Comprar = to buy
Let's think about the verb 'hablar'. The "stem" is just 'habl-' (we get the stem by taking off the last two letter of the verb (AR).
Then, we can attach these endings to the stem to conjugate our verb in the past tense. So "I spoke" would be "hablé"
How would you say "He spoke"
We can use these same endings on other verbs, of course. For example, 'cenar' means 'to eat dinner.'
So, "I ate dinner last night at 8:30" would be "Anoche, cené a las ocho y media"
How would you say "Mr. Looney ate dinner last night at 8:30"? (Hint: all you have to do is change the conjugation)
"Mr. Looney ate dinner last night at 8:30"
Anoche Mr. Looney cené a las ocho y media
Anoche Mr. Looney cenó a las ocho y media
Hopefully that made sense. If it doesn't look over to the right -->
the ending é is only when I am talking about myself (yo = I).
If I want to talk about someone else, I have to use the ending ó
Let's talk about pronunciation...
What does an accent mark do in Spanish?
It tells you to put stress on that letter
It just looks cool
Correct! It doesn't just look cool! Accent marks can help us a ton with pronunciation, and often times are really important!
For example, how would you say "she spoke Spanish"?
"she spoke Spanish" = "Ella habló Español"
Notice how I'm pronouncing "Habló Español. If I forget to stress the last letter, it becomes "Hablo Español"
Using this chart to help you, write
at least 5 sentences in the past tense