LESSON
Gerunds and Gerund Phrases
34 minutes ago by
13 slides

Gerunds and Gerund Phrases

English 10

Gerund

  • a form of a verb ending in -ing

  • acts as a noun

  • root verb: to hike ---> add -ing ---> gerund: hiking

Gerunds as Nouns

  • subject of a sentence

  • Ex. Hiking makes me excited

  • direct object of a sentence

  • Ex. I love hiking.

  • object of a preposition (of, above, to, down, etc.)

  • I am never tired of hiking.

Gerunds vs. Participles

  • Gerunds ARE the noun

  • Ex. Sleeping nourishes the body.

  • Participles describe the noun

  • Ex. The sleeping boy dreamed.



Gerund Phrases vs. Gerunds

  • Eating keeps you healthy. - gerund

  • Eating an apple a day keeps you healthy - gerund phrase

  • I love studying. - gerund

  • I love studying my science notes! - gerund phrase

Q. Francisco enjoys ________ more than spending time with his girlfriend Diana.
answer choices
to swim 
swimming
swim
Q.

Identify the gerund.

Halim was punished for cheating.

answer choices

Halim

was

punished

cheating

Q.

Identify the gerund

Many of the laughing students love singing.

answer choices

Many

laughing

love

singing

Q.

Identify the gerund.

Reading is an important skill.

answer choices

Reading

an

important

skill

Q.

Identify the gerunds (check three):

Acting is merely the art of keeping a large group of people from coughing.

answer choices

acting

keeping

coughing

art

Q.

Identify the gerund phrase.

We're going to see the changing of the guard at Buckingham Palace.

answer choices

going to see

going to see the changing of the guard

the changing of the guard

changing of the guard at Buckingham Palace

Q.

Identify the gerund phrase.

The frowning artist was thinking of painting my house.

answer choices

frowning artist

was thinking

artist was thinking of painting

painting my house

Remember....

  • a gerund is a form of a verb that acts like a noun

  • ends with -ing

  • Because its a noun, it can function in different part of a sentence


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English and Language Arts - 10th
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