Age of Absolutism
By the end of class I will be able to:
Identify the characteristics of an absolute monarchy.
Do you think Carl actually had the power to do whatever he wanted?
Age of Absolutism
The period around the 17th and 18th centuries when Europe was ruled by very powerful monarchs.
Absolute monarchs were rulers who held all the power in a country. With no checks or balances from any other part of the nation or government.
Monarchs had absolute control. Therefore, the Age of Absolutism.
Absolute monarchs relied on ___________ to justify their rule.
Identify characteristics of an absolute ruler.
Use armies to control and expand kingdom territories.
Religious authority- decides on religion in region. Controls religious authority/church.
Makes the Laws and creates their own parliament.
Limits the power and wealth of nobles and commoners.
Creates taxes and decides executions.
*A Constitutional monarchy = LIMITED government meaning there are LIMITS to what the king can do --> citizens have protected rights
* An Absolute monarchy = UNLIMITED government meaning there are NO LIMITS on the king's power --> relied on DIVINE RIGHT to rule
Which of the following is a common characteristic of Absolute Monarchs?
Absolutism in Russia
Czars (“caesar” or “king”) expanded Russia’s borders, increased their power over the nobles, and created an absolute monarchy
By the time Peter the Great became czar in 1682,
Russia was a large empire but was not as advanced as Western European nations
Peter the Great
Czar Peter the Great wanted to modernize and “Westernize” Russia to catch up with Europe
In disguise, Peter toured Europe to learn new ways to modernize Russia
While in Europe, Peter learned new ideas about shipbuilding, manufacturing, government organization, city planning, music, and fashion
The Legacy of Peter
When he returned
from Europe, Peter ruled with absolute authority and imposed new reforms to Westernize/Modernize Russia:
Adopted a European calendar, adopted European fashions by banning beards for men and veils for women, modernized the army and navy, made himself head of
the Orthodox Church
Why did Peter the Great set out on his great voyage around Europe?
Absolutism in France
By the time Louis XIV (14th)
came to power, France was an absolute monarchy
Louis XIV ruled France
for 72 years and became
the classic example of
an absolute monarch
Louis XIV believed that he WAS the government, (“L’etat c’est moi”): “I AM THE STATE”
He excluded nobles from government decisions and hired bureaucrats to collect taxes and enforce laws
Louis XIV called himself the “Sun King” because
he felt that French power emanated from him (like rays of the Sun)
He used wealth and art to glorify himself, including constructing a massive palace called Versailles
In a few words, explain what this quote means in reference to an absolute monarchy?
"I am the state."-Louis XIV
The Legacy of Louis XIV
His economic advisors used overseas colonies
and mercantilism to generate new wealth
He encouraged manufacturing to make France self-sufficient
With this wealth, Louis built a powerful army and transformed France into the most powerful nation in Europe
Determine if the following characteristics of government are associated with an absolute monarchy or not.
Respond to each question quickly because they will only be on for 10 seconds.
Has a written Constitution
Has a ruler with divine right
Has separation of powers
Has religious authority and controls the church
Based on what you’ve learned today, what does it mean to be an absolute monarch? Use one piece of evidence from today’s class to support your answer. Explain your response in 4-6 complete sentences.