Push/ Pull Factors
the action of coming to live permanently in a foreign country.
In Ireland, almost half of the population lived on farms that produced little income. Because of their poverty, most Irish people depended on potatoes for food. When this crop failed three years in succession, it led to a great famine (lack of food) with horrendous consequences. Over 750,000 people starved to death. Over two million Irish eventually moved to the United States seeking relief from their desolated country. Impoverished, the Irish could not buy the property. Instead, they congregated in the cities where they landed, almost all in the northeastern United States. Today, Ireland has just half the population it did in the early 1840s. There are now more Irish Americans than there are Irish nationals.
What caused the Irish to emigrate from their country?
What food source did the Irish depend on for survival?
Were the Irish Pushed or pulled from their country?
In the decade from 1845 to 1855, more than a million Germans fled to the United States to escape economic hardship. They also sought to escape the political unrest caused by riots, rebellion, and eventually a revolution in 1848. The Germans had little choice — few other places besides the United States allowed German immigration. Unlike the Irish, many Germans had enough money to journey to the Midwest in search of farmland and work. The largest settlements of Germans were in New York City, Baltimore, Cincinnati, St. Louis, and Milwaukee.
The Germans faced political and ______ issues in their country.
What political issues were the Germans facing?
Were the Germans in a better economic position than the Irish when they came to America?
Where did the Germans settle in the United States?
Were the Germans Pushed or Pulled?
Most of the early Chinese immigration to the United States can be traced to the mid-1800s. These early immigrants—some 25,000 in the 1850s alone—came seeking economic opportunity in America. The Chinese arriving in San Francisco, who came primarily from the Taishan and Zhongshan regions as well as Guangdong province of mainland China, did so at the height of the California Gold Rush, and many worked in the mines scattered throughout the northern part of the state. Others took jobs as farmhands or in the burgeoning garment industry in the “City by the Bay.” Still more became laborers with the Central Pacific and Transcontinental railroads, and were instrumental in building the transportation infrastructure that helped fuel the westward expansion of the United States before, during, and after the Civil War.
Were the Chinese Pushed or Pulled?
Many of the Chinese took jobs in________
When did the Chinese immigrate to the United States?
What factor led to the Chinese Immigration?
What area of the U.S. did they settle?