The Subjunctive Mood In Spanish
What is it, how do I form it, when or why do I use it?
So let's begin with the second question. How do I form it? we met this since form three. So check the boxes which apply.
Very good. We start with the "yo" form of the verb in Spanish
We drop the "o"
For "ar" verbs we now add: e, es, e, emos, en. For "er" and "ir" verbs we now add: a, as, a, amos, an.
So Miro: mire, mires etc. Como: coma, comas etc.
But what exactly is the Subjunctive?
But what is a tense? A tense of a verb tells you when a person did something or when something existed or happened. In English, there are three(3) main tenses. What are they?
Yes, we talk about most events using verbs in either the past, the present or the future
This also exists in Spanish
You have learned the Present Tense, The Preterit and the Imperfect Tense(past tenses)
But what is a mood?
Sad, gloomy, angry?
Elated, excited, fearful?
A mood is used to refer to a verb category or form which indicates whether the verb expresses a fact , a command, a question, a condition, or a wish or possibility. Tick the grammatical terms for these.
Yes, all of the above. Did you know that before? And all of these moods(with the exception of the imperative) can be expressed in different tenses
In Spanish you have met the Present, Past in the Indicative mood.
IN Spanish you have met the Imperative mood(commands)
In Spanish you have met the Interrogative mood.
In Spanish you will meet the Conditional mood.
Now, in Spanish, we are doing the Subjunctive mood. Present.
So what does the Subjunctive mood express? Tick all that apply.
Now let's look at these sentences:
Quiero visitar Argentina: I want to visit Argentina
Quiero que tú visites Argentina. I want you to visit Argentina.
Siento que no puedo venir: I'm sorry that I cannot come.
Siento que Carla no pueda venir: I'm sorry that Carla cannot come.
What do you notice about the second and fourth sentences? "Quiero que tu visites" and "Siento que Carla no pueda venir. "
The Subjunctive mood is used when there are two(2) clauses and the subject of the verb in the second clause is different from the subject in the main clause. They are usually joined by "que".
Yo quiero(main clause) que Tu visites(second clause)
Yo siento(main clause) que Carla no pueda (second clause)
This is very different from: Yo quiero visitar or Siento que(yo) no puedo venir.
So let's review what we have learned. Tick all that apply