Lesson
Reported Speech
13 days ago by
k_kokotova88_83787
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  • Slide 1
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    Reported Speech

    Why do we need it?

    How to use it properly?

  • Question 2
    30 seconds
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    Q.

    What is reported speech?

    answer choices

    A. It is when you tell somebody else what you or a person said before.

    B. It is a representation of the actual words someone said.

  • Slide 3
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  • Slide 4
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    Reported Speech

    If we report what another person has said, we usually do not use the speaker’s exact words (direct speech), but reported (indirect) speech. Therefore, you need to learn how to transform direct speech into reported speech. The structure is a little different depending on whether you want to transform a statement, question or request.

  • Slide 5
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    Reported Speech (Indirect Speech)

    Statements

  • Slide 6
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    Direct Speech vs Reported Speech

    She said: "I'm visiting Paris next weekend" (Direct)

    She said that she was visiting Paris the following weekend. (Reported)

  • Slide 7
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    Important!

    In reported speech if the reporting verb is in the past form (said, told,…) we have to change the tense (this is called backshift). We often change adverbs of time and place (now, here, today, etc.) because reported speech happens at a later time than the original speech, and perhaps in a different place.

  • Slide 8
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  • Question 9
    Ungraded
    45 seconds
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    Q.

    Present Simple -----> Past Simple

    I'm acting strangely because I expect a bribe,' Lustig told Poisson.

    Lustig met Poisson again in private and told him he was acting strangely because ____ a bribe.

  • Question 10
    Ungraded
    180 seconds
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    Q.

    Present Continuous ------> Past Continuous

    'The Eiffel Tower is becoming too expensive to maintain,' Lustig told the businessmen.

    Lustig said the Eiffel Tower ________too expensive to maintain.

  • Question 11
    Ungraded
    180 seconds
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    Q.

    Past Simple -----> Past Perfect

    'Lustig tricked me', Poisson told his wife.

    Poisson told his wife that ____.

  • Question 12
    Ungraded
    180 seconds
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    Q.

    Present Perfect ------> Past Perfect

    'The Government has decided to sell the Eiffel Tower,' Lustig told the men.

    Lustig told the men that the Government _____to sell the Eiffel Tower.

  • Question 13
    Ungraded
    180 seconds
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    Q.

    Will ------->Would

    'I'll give you a large bribe,' Poisson said to Lustig.

    Poisson said to Lustig that _____a large bribe

  • Slide 14
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  • Slide 15
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    Say or Tell

    John said (that) he would be late.

    John told me (that) he was going to be late.

    With 'tell' we NEED the object (e.g. 'me', 'you', 'her').

    With 'say' we CAN'T use the object (e.g. 'me', 'them', 'us').

  • Slide 16
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    Common mistakes

    John said me that he would be late. (X)
    John told that he would be late. (X)

  • Slide 17
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    Rewrite the direct speech as reported

    'I'm not feeling well,' my sister __me.

    'You've done really well, 'my dad __me.

    'It will be great show', the singer __.

  • Slide 18
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    Rewrite the direct speech as reported

    'I can't find my purse,' he __to his wife.

    'I'm going on holiday next week,' my aunt __me.

    'You don't need your books today', our teacher __us.

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