Grade 7 Romantic Era Music History
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  • Slide 1
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    Grade 7 Romantic Era Music History

    Learning Intention: To understand the general characteristics of the Romantic Period and its music.

    Success: To have a copy of the traits of the romantic period and complete the quizz.

  • Slide 2
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    Romantic Period..ish

    • The Romantic Period developed directly after the Classical period and the two are often confused with each other.

    • The Romantic Period occurred approximately between 1780 to 1910

    • As a result this period lasted about 130 years.

  • Slide 3
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    Some of the main composers during this time

    • Some of the most famous composers from this period include

    • Peter Tchaikovsky

    • Edvard Grieg

    • Johannes Brahms

    • Felix Mendelssohn

    • Sergei Rachmaninoff

  • Slide 4
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    • As we found out last week, some of Beethoven's works were in fact written and performed in the Romantic period.

    • As the music and instruments developed over his lifetime so did his music.

    • Approximately the last half of his life was during the romantic period.

    • Bullet 4

  • Slide 5
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    The style of Romanticism

    • So what comes to mind when we think of Romantic?

    • Romantic focuses on stirring emotions within the listener, telling stories, memories and conveying colours or places.

    • https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RJNNJTRD1GQ - Richard Wagner Symphony in C

    • What piece of music has ever stirred a powerful emotion or made you so very happy

  • Slide 6
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    Concept of colours in music

    • Often in this period, composers tried to convey a mood, feeling or emotion in their music.

    • Almost like they are trying to paint a picture with sound

    • What colour would this piece be?

    • https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=N3F9tmIpg-w - Macdowll, To a rose.

  • Slide 7
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    An example of this style

    • One example of this is found in Felix Mendelsohn's Fingal's Cave

    • Nature was often a source of inspiration for Romantic music.

    • For Mendelsohn it was his trip to Scotland's Staffa Island and sailing through this cave.

    • Listen closely and see if you think the music reflects the cave and what it looks like.

    • https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zcogD-hHEYs

  • Slide 8
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    Trait #1

    • Music in the romantic period was played by much larger orchestras

    • Strings- Violin, viola, cello, double bass, multiple parts for each

    • Woodwind - Flute and piccolo, oboes and clarinets, bassoons and double bassoons.

    • Brass - trumpets, trumbones, and french horns, tuba was added in the late romantic period

    • Percussion - Timpani, bells, chimes, glockenspiel, marimba, triangle, cymbals, blocks, almost every percussion instrument

    • Keyboard - The very lovely Grand Piano

  • Slide 9
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  • Slide 10
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    Trait #2

    • Unlike previous eras, musicians themselves were able to influence the music they were playing

    • This technique is called Rubato - to play without a strict tempo

    • Musicians were allowed to alter the flow of the music's speed

    • let me play you an example

  • Slide 11
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    New Techniques

    Dynamic Contrast - The music can change from very loud to very soft.

    Sforzando - Instantly loud and the suddenly soft.

    Timbral colour- Use of instruments to tell a story, voicing

    Modulations - Changing the key of the music rapidly

  • Slide 12
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    Types of Romantic Music

    • Symphony for Orchestra - made up of four movements, louder and longer, dynamic contrast

    • Virtuoso - highly technical music that showcased the musicians level of skill and ability

    • So lets listen to Rahcmaninoff's Piano Concerto and see if you can identify which elements of romantic music are used

  • Question 13
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    Which Composer is both Classical and Romantic?

    answer choices





  • Question 14
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    When did the romantic period begin and end?

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  • Question 15
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    What was the name of the island that inspired Fingal's Cave?

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  • Question 16
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    The Romantic Period is known for trying to create ___ in the listener?

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    All of the above

  • Question 17
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    Which one of these composer groups was romantic?

    answer choices

    Mozart, Haydn and Beethoven

    Bach, Handel and Stravinsky

    Tchaikovsky, Grieg and Brahms

  • Question 18
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    What woodwind instrument was added in this period?

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  • Question 19
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    Rubato means?

    answer choices

    The music has no fixed tempo

    Slow down and speed up

    The music gets softer

    The music gets louder

  • Question 20
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    Sforzando means

    answer choices

    Music is played loudly

    Music is played softly

    Music is loud and then suddenly soft

    The music is played smoothly

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