Year 7 Music History 1
The Medieval and Baroque Periods
What are we doing today
LI: To understand an overview of Medieval Music and understand the characteristics of Baroque Music
Success: Completing the Listening task and showing understanding of the two music styles.
Lets wind back the clock shall we
Way back in the medieval period what group had the most power?
Was the society similar to what we have today or very different?
Medieval Period Crash Course
During the Middle Ages the Roman Catholic Church was an integral part of the development of music.
Back then the church was the main wealth and power and as such they were patrons of the arts
Wealthy members of society would contract musicians to create works for them and often for the church
Medieval Crash Course
For a musician seeking work they would often seek out fellow ensembles or approach the church and its supporters
Some musicians were lucky to have a wealthy patron, who would pay them to compose and perform works within their estates as a full time job
Royalty were important patrons of the arts. They would employ composers to write works for special events often praising particular kings or queens
Over time during this period musical notation was developed as the music began to become more complex
The idea of using chorus within the church was also created during this time where members would sing as a group during prayer
Which group had the most influence on music in the middle ages
What is patronage?
Is the medieval period the first recorded era of music history?
This period occurred between around 1600-1750
During this time the way that music was written was beginning to change
Baroque Period Composers
Composers from this time included
George Frederic Handel
Johann Sebastian Bach
Vivaldi was an Italian composer, teacher and Catholic priest.
Vivaldi's Four Seasons - Spring
Badiniere Suite No.2
How do we identify Baroque Music?
Baroque music has been known to include the following traits.
Textures in Music
Texture - The number of musical ideas or themes being played at once
Baroque music often uses polyphonic textures
Polyphonic - two or more
Often this makes the music Contrapuntal - This is where both melodies are equally important instead of having one main melody.
Bach's Toccata and Fugue In D Minor
Types of Instruments
During this time composers were able to use
Strings - Violin, Viola, Cello, Double bass
Woodwind - Recorder, Wooden Flute, Oboe and Bassoon
Brass - Trumpets and horns
Percussion - Timpani
Keyboard - Harpsichord
Types of Baroque Music
Religious singing was extremely common during this time and many composers/musicians were working for the church
Baroque Concertos were often call Concerto grosso or Great concerto as there was more than one solo instrument accompanied by orchestras
A standard concerto was also common during this time - where one solo instrument was accompanied by orchestra
Listening Task 1
Now lets practice identifying some of the things we have talked about.