Words in Context CCSS L 10.4
Determine or clarify the meaning of unknown and multiple-meaning words and phrases; choosing flexibly from a range of strategies.
Vocabulary in Context
context are the words surrounding the unfamiliar word
They provide clues on what the word means
Types of Context Clues
Specific examples in the sentence help
define the term.
Commercial vehicles, such as trucks,
buses, and taxis with paid drivers, can all be
found on the road.
Commercial vehicles means....
Note the punctuation clues: commas or hyphens
Signal words—such as, for example, for instance, to illustrate, specifically
As they moved westward, early pioneers faced many tribulations, such as scarce food, extreme weather, and loneliness.
One or more words that mean the same or almost the same as the unknown word
Example: My little brother is gaunt—just so thin and bony!
"I actually love the sport of bowling," not only is the word "actually" unnecessary, but the words "the sort of" are also superfluous. What is the synonym for the word superfluous?
Means the opposite of another word
Signaled by: however, but, yet, on the other hand, and in contrast.
Example: Though some students are aloof, others pay attention to everything.
The social and environmental influences on aging suggest that if the aging process can be sped up, it can also be impeded. Impeded means...
Use reasoning and prior knowledge
Your experiences provide common-sense clues to the meaning of a word
Example: One argument against capital punishment is that if an innocent person is executed, the mistake cannot be rectified.
Ask yourself: What cannot be done about a mistake as final as an execution?
By using _________________ to understand the meaning of unfamiliar words, you can save time when reading and help make words part of your working vocabulary
Which type of context clue is used for the italicized word?
Years ago, high-school boys aspired to be star athletes and high-school girls wished to be popular; neither wanted to be brilliant students.
I can determine unknown words in the context of a passage.