Ch 3 Lesson 2: The Enlightenment [Intro] (McGraw Hill)
8 hours ago by
Instructor-led session
Live lessonStart a live lesson
Asynchronous learning
AssignAssign homework
12 slides PreviewShow answers
  • Slide 1
    Report an issue

    Ch 3 Lesson 2: The Enlightenment [Intro] (McGraw Hill p96-99)

    The philosophes: Locke, Newton, Montesquieu, Voltaire, Diderot

  • Slide 2
    Report an issue

    Ideas of the Philosophes

    • The Enlightenment was an 18th-century European philosophical movement of intellectuals who applied reason (scientific method) to an understanding of all life.

    • Philosophes wanted to break superstitions of the medieval period

    • They hoped by using reason they could progress toward a better society

  • Slide 3
    Report an issue


    • Reason, natural law, hope, progress -- these were common words to the thinkers of the Enlightenment

    • Ideas of John Locke and Isaac Newton heavily influenced the philosophes

    • Locke suggest people are born with tabula rasa (blank mind) and are molded by their experiences of their world

    • Newton believed the universe operated according to natural laws that could be uncovered through systematic investigation

  • Question 4
    60 seconds
    Report an issue

    All of the following are true about the Enlightenment EXCEPT

    answer choices

    the main goal was to bring electricity to every home in Europe

    philosophes wanted to debunk long-standing superstitions

    reason could be used to improve and progress society

    John Locke and Isaac Newton were heavily influential to other philosophes

  • Slide 5
    Report an issue

    Role of Philosophy

    • Intellectuals of the Enlightenment were known by the French word philosophe, or "philosopher"

    • Writers, professors, journalists, economists, & social reformers, all from the nobility or middle class

    • The purpose of philosophy and the movement was to improve the world

    • Reason & rational criticism were applied to everything, including religion & politics

  • Question 6
    60 seconds
    Report an issue

    Philosophes were likely

    answer choices

    from the poor, working class

    monarchs or members of the Church

    from the nobility or middle class

    from the wealthy elite

  • Slide 7
    Report an issue


    • A French noble who tried to find natural laws that govern social and political relationships of human beings

    • Stated that England's government provided the most freedom since it had three branches: executive (monarch), legislative (Parliament), and judicial (courts).

    • This system functioned through separation of powers: three branches of government limit and control each other (AKA checks and balances)

  • Question 8
    60 seconds
    Report an issue

    Montesquieu believed a government system with checks and balances within its own government provided the most freedom, which was called __________ of powers.

    answer choices





  • Slide 9
    Report an issue


    • From a middle-class family in Paris, well known for criticism of Christianity

    • Through numerous writings, he challenged the actions of the Church

    • Believed strongly in religious toleration, promoting deism (religious philosophy based on reason and natural law)

  • Question 10
    60 seconds
    Report an issue

    Voltaire's belief in deism is a religious philosophy based on ______ and natural law.

  • Slide 11
    Report an issue


    • Wrote the Encyclopedia, a 28-volume collection of knowledge (1751-1772) with the purpose to "change the general way of thinking"

    • The Encyclopedia was a weapon against old French society, attacking religious superstition and it supported religious toleration

    • Sold to doctors, clergymen, teachers, and lawyers it spread Enlightenment ideas

  • Question 12
    45 seconds
    Report an issue

    Diderot's Encyclopedia supported the Church and long-held superstitions in European society

    answer choices



Report an issue
Why show ads?
Report Ad
Enter Code