Adjectives modify nouns by telling specific details about them.
Adjectives will answer these questions: what kind, which one/ones, or how many; nouns tell us who or what.
Ex: Luckily, the old fence is in excellent condition.
Ex: These slats do not need to be replaced.
Ex: Jack has six pretzels.
Which word is an adjective: Many repairs are needed to restore the fence to its original charm.
Identify all adjectives: First, we'll replace the rotting wood and then apply white paint.
Adjectives usually precede the nouns they modify, but they may also follow linking verbs
Ex (adjectives preceding the noun): The old, rickety picket fence needs to be repaired.
Ex: (predicate adjective): The picket fence was old and rickety.
A proper adjective is formed from a proper noun. Proper adjectives are capitalized and are used to describe other nouns.
Ex: Ryan is going to the Sunday picnic.
Ex: Furniture and ships are often built with durable Asian teakwood.
Other words used as Adjectives
Sometimes, other words can be used as adjectives:
NOUNS: ruby red, ice cold, log cabin, stone fence
DEMONSTRATIVE PRONOUNS: this time, that road, these newspapers, those children
INDEFINITE PRONOUNS: few mistakes, several weeks, some difficulty, each position
PARTICIPLES: falling stars, shimmering rainbow, locked door
Possessive adjectives tell us who or what a noun belongs to
Some are possessive pronouns - my sweater, your backpack, her garden, their wedding
Some are traditional possessive adjectives using an 's.
Ex: I pet the teacher's cat.
Ex: Ella's cookies are the best.
Ex: The dog chased its tail.
The Modifiers - Adverbs
Adjectives modify nouns within a sentence. Adverbs modify verbs, adjectives, and other adverbs.
Adverbs will usually answer one of these questions: how, where, when, why, or to what extent.
Ex: Horses usually stay away from the trainer until a bond is developed.
Ex: Finally, the colt approaches the trainer very slowly.
HINT: many adverbs are formed by adding -ly to adjectives, such as surprisingly, completely, and wisely.
HINT: Many common adverbs do not have a consistent ending, such as always, forever, here, not, now, and far.
Ex: I run fast.
Ex: Danny jumped high.
Ex: You drive fast.
Position of Adverbs
An adverb can be placed before or after a verb it modifies. Sometimes it can even be separated from a verb by another word or words.
Ex: The coin collector carefully examined the rare silver coin.
Ex: He polished the coin carefully to reveal the embossed date.
Relative adverbs are used to introduce adjective clauses. The relative adverbs are where, when, and why.
Ex: Late afternoon is the time when the cardinals gather at the birdfeeder.
Ex: His love of ice cream is the reason why he cannot lose weight.
Conjunctive adverbs are used to express relationships between independent clauses.
These adverbs will answer the question to what extent or to what degree.
LIST OF AVERBS OF DEGREE: accordingly, also, besides, consequently, finally, furthermore, hence, however, instead, nevertheless, otherwise, similarly, still, therefore, thus
The underlined word is an adverb. Which verb does it describe? Ryan carefully carved his pumpkin for the Halloween parade.
Identify the adverb in this sentence: Jason inspected his Monopoly game board quickly.
Identify the adverb in this sentence: We waited for Kyle for an hour. Finally, he arrived at the field.