The Modifiers-Adjectives/Adverbs
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  • Slide 1
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    The Modifiers-Adjectives

  • Slide 2
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    • Adjectives modify nouns by telling specific details about them.

    • Adjectives will answer these questions: what kind, which one/ones, or how many; nouns tell us who or what.

    • Ex: Luckily, the old fence is in excellent condition.

    • Ex: These slats do not need to be replaced.

    • Ex: Jack has six pretzels.

  • Question 3
    20 seconds
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    Which word is an adjective: Many repairs are needed to restore the fence to its original charm.

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  • Question 4
    45 seconds
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    Identify all adjectives: First, we'll replace the rotting wood and then apply white paint.

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  • Slide 5
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    Predicate Adjectives

    • Adjectives usually precede the nouns they modify, but they may also follow linking verbs

    • Ex (adjectives preceding the noun): The old, rickety picket fence needs to be repaired.

    • Ex: (predicate adjective): The picket fence was old and rickety.

  • Slide 6
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    Proper Adjectives

    • A proper adjective is formed from a proper noun. Proper adjectives are capitalized and are used to describe other nouns.

    • Ex: Ryan is going to the Sunday picnic.

    • Ex: Furniture and ships are often built with durable Asian teakwood.

  • Slide 7
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    Other words used as Adjectives

    • Sometimes, other words can be used as adjectives:

    • NOUNS: ruby red, ice cold, log cabin, stone fence

    • DEMONSTRATIVE PRONOUNS: this time, that road, these newspapers, those children

    • INDEFINITE PRONOUNS: few mistakes, several weeks, some difficulty, each position

    • PARTICIPLES: falling stars, shimmering rainbow, locked door

  • Slide 8
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    Possessive Adjectives

    • Possessive adjectives tell us who or what a noun belongs to

    • Some are possessive pronouns - my sweater, your backpack, her garden, their wedding

    • Some are traditional possessive adjectives using an 's.

    • Ex: I pet the teacher's cat.

    • Ex: Ella's cookies are the best.

    • Ex: The dog chased its tail.

  • Slide 9
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    The Modifiers - Adverbs

  • Slide 10
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    • Adjectives modify nouns within a sentence. Adverbs modify verbs, adjectives, and other adverbs.

    • Adverbs will usually answer one of these questions: how, where, when, why, or to what extent.

    • Ex: Horses usually stay away from the trainer until a bond is developed.

    • Ex: Finally, the colt approaches the trainer very slowly.

  • Slide 11
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    • HINT: many adverbs are formed by adding -ly to adjectives, such as surprisingly, completely, and wisely.

    • HINT: Many common adverbs do not have a consistent ending, such as always, forever, here, not, now, and far.

    • Ex: I run fast.

    • Ex: Danny jumped high.

    • Ex: You drive fast.

  • Slide 12
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    Position of Adverbs

    • An adverb can be placed before or after a verb it modifies. Sometimes it can even be separated from a verb by another word or words.

    • Ex: The coin collector carefully examined the rare silver coin.

    • Ex: He polished the coin carefully to reveal the embossed date.

  • Slide 13
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    Relative Adverbs

    • Relative adverbs are used to introduce adjective clauses. The relative adverbs are where, when, and why.

    • Ex: Late afternoon is the time when the cardinals gather at the birdfeeder.

    • Ex: His love of ice cream is the reason why he cannot lose weight.

  • Slide 14
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    Conjunctive Adverbs

    • Conjunctive adverbs are used to express relationships between independent clauses.

    • These adverbs will answer the question to what extent or to what degree.

    • LIST OF AVERBS OF DEGREE: accordingly, also, besides, consequently, finally, furthermore, hence, however, instead, nevertheless, otherwise, similarly, still, therefore, thus

  • Question 15
    30 seconds
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    The underlined word is an adverb. Which verb does it describe? Ryan carefully carved his pumpkin for the Halloween parade.

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  • Question 16
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    Identify the adverb in this sentence: Jason inspected his Monopoly game board quickly.

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  • Question 17
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    Identify the adverb in this sentence: We waited for Kyle for an hour. Finally, he arrived at the field.

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