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A democracy is a form of government in which the ruling power is in the hands of all the people. The word “democracy” comes from the Greek terms demos (meaning “people”) and kratos (meaning “power”).
Democracy developed in ancient Greece about 500 B.C.E. in the city-state of Athens, where many people began to oppose the rule of the tyrants. The main governing body of the Athenian democracy was the Assembly. The Assembly was open to all 30,000 to 40,000 adult male citizens, but usually only 5,000 people attended.
According to the previous slide, who was NOT included in the voting assembly?
Three Levels of Government
Both rich and poor citizens attended the Assembly. This body met about 40 times a year to direct foreign policy, revise laws, and approve or condemn the conduct of public oficials. Assembly members reached all their decisions through public debate and vote. A smaller, important executive body, the Council of 500, was responsible for the day-to-day running of the state. This body—whose members were chosen annually in a lottery—proposed new laws and enforced the Assembly’s decisions, or decrees. The Council also administered the state’s finances, received foreign ambassadors, and oversaw the maintenance of the Athenian fleet.
What are the three levels of government in an Early Democracy?
An important aspect of Athenian democracy was the fact that its public oficials did not have much individual power. In wartime, a group of 10 generals made decisions about military matters. These generals were elected annually and could be reelected several times. Nearly all government oficials—including generals and assembly and council members, as well as citizens who served on juries—were paid for their services. This allowed both poor and rich male citizens to fully participate in the Athenian government.
According to the previous slide. Who made decisions about military matters?
Roman leaders created a Republic, a government in which the people elect officials who govern according to the law. They modeled this government after the Greek Republic. Read on to see if you can spot any differences.
One of two elected officials of the Roman Republic.
an elected official that represented the interests of the plebeians or commonor. A member of the lower social class in Rome.
Which of the officials had control over the military?
Which of the elected officials served for life and passed laws?
Click ALL that apply,
The United States established a representative democracy like the Ancient Roman Republic.
What are the three branches of government currently used in the United States? Click ALL that apply.