Rebuildig the south and give freedmen full rights.
How was the south being transformed?
After Reconstruction ended, African Americans returned to plantations owned by whites, where they worked for wages or became tenant farmers, paying rent for the land they farmed.
•Most tenant farmers ended up becoming sharecroppers. •They paid a share of their crops to cover their rent and farming costs. •Although sharecropping allowed African American farmers to control their own work schedule and working conditions, it also trapped them in poverty because they could not make enough money to pay off their debts and buy their own land.
Most tenant farmers were able to buy their own land.
A series of laws, called “Black Codes”, were
implemented by Southern states to reaffirm white supremacy through again,
As a result of these racially discriminatory
laws, the incarceration rate for African Americans was far higher than white
It granted the U.S. government the right to sue
people who violated these rights.
What were black codes?
Southerners frustrated with Republicans running their states, they organized secret societies to undermine their rule. • The largest group was the Ku Klux Klan. • Created in 1866 by former Confederate soldiers in Tennessee. Hooded, white-robed Klan members rode in bands at night terrorizing African-Americans, White Republicans, and teachers in African American School
Who did KKK terrorise?
Disenfranchisement after Reconstruction
Disenfranchisement after Reconstruction • Disfranchisement- To deny privileges, protection, and especially the right to vote • Poll Tax- tax paid if you wanted to vote- Many African Americans could not afford to pay this tax • Literacy Test- A test was given in order to register to vote. These tests were designed to make anyone fail if they wanted them to. •
Grandfather Clause- Since the imposition of those requirements also could impact the number of poor whites voting, Southern legislatures introduced the “grandfather clause," which exempted voters from the restrictions if their grandfathers had voted. This clearly eliminated the blacks.
Plessy vs Furgeson was about a black man who
What were Jim Craw Laws?
A literacy test means that freedmen had to take and pass a reading test before they can vote
Plessy v Ferguson
1892 Plessy Vs. Ferguson – Separate but Equal (it was never equal) Jim Crow Laws • Aimed at separating the races in the South • Forbade marriage between blacks and whites • Separate schools, streetcars, waiting rooms, rr, coaches, elevators, witness stands, drinking fountains, and public restrooms
Jim Craw laws
Jim Crow Laws • Aimed at separating the races in the South • Forbade marriage between blacks and whites • Separate schools, streetcars, waiting rooms, rr, coaches, elevators, witness stands, drinking fountains, and public restrooms